Sorting Conifers names

General Bibliography




Complementary & specific to conifers

AGROVOC, F.A.O.  < >.  Multilingual

Alden Harry A.  1997, Softwoods of North America. United States Department of Agriculture. Forest Service Forest.  Products Laboratory. General Technical Report  FPL–GTR–102. < >.

Arboretum Volčji Potok , 2006,  Interaktiven herbarij - Seznam latinskih imen & Seznam slovenskih imen. Arboretum Volčji Potok , Radomlje, Slovenia. Izdelava in vzdrževanje WSI.
< >. Slovenian

Arita Masanori (Dr.), Suwa Kazuhiro, Yoshimoto Miwa & Gambe Tadashi , 2008 - 2009.  "Search Extension Transforms Wiki into a Relational System: a case for flavonoid metabolite database", BioData Mining 1:7, 2008.  Metabolomics. Pinaceae.
< >. Japanese

BGPlants compilation group, 2000 - 2010, Plant Names of the Japanese botanical gardens. Japanese Botanical Gardens Association. < >. Japanese language

Bisby FA, Roskov YR, Orrell TM, Nicolson D, Paglinawan LE, Bailly N, Kirk PM, Bourgoin T, van Hertum J, eds (2008). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2008 Annual Checklist. Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, U.K.
< >. 101 pages of botanical names from Abies to Wollemia nobilis W. G. Jones et al.

Calflora, 2010.  Information on California plants for education, research and conservation. [web application]. 2010. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available:   (Accessed: Feb 18, 2010).

Czyzak Izabela , 2006 , Projekt i wykonanie (Polish & Latin names and Beautiful gallery of conifer cones, including Pinus). < >.

de Laubenfels David J.  1988,  Coniferales. P. 337-453 in Flora Malesiana, Series I, Vol. 10. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

de Laubenfels D. J.  2009, Nomenclatural Actions for the New World Cypresses (Cupressaceae). Novon: A Journal for Botanical Nomenclature 19(3):300-306. 2009.  doi: 10.3417/2006176. Department of Geography, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, U.S.A. (on Neocupressus species)

Dongarra G., Varrica. D. & Sabatino, 2005. Occurence of platinum, palladium and gold in pine needles of Pinus pinça L. from the city of Palermo (Italy). Appi. Gcochcm. 18. 109-116. Cited in  Cenci R.M., Barbante C., Lintelmann J., Capodoglio C., Cattaneo G. & Zanvettore.  M., Transetti Autostradali: Elementi in Traccia E Contaminanti Organici (IPA) Valutati Mediante Muschi e Suoli Superficiali. Estratto da: Bollettino della Societa Italiana della Scienza del Suolo. Vol. 54, 2005 - No 1-2.

Duke James A., Duke Peggy-Ann K. & Ducellie Judith L. 2007, Duke's Handbook of Medicinal Plants of the Bible. CRC Press. 528 pages. Multilingual

Earle Christopher J., 2009, The Gymnosperm Database. URL: (Page updated on 2009.04.19).   Taxonomy, Multilingual  *****

Eckenwalder  James E. , 2009,  Conifers of the World: The Complete Reference‎ - Science. (720 pages).

ЭДСР, 2009 -2010, Энциклопедия декоративных садовых растений (ЭДСР), ОБЩИЙ СПИСОК ДЕКОРАТИВНЫХ САДОВЫХ РАСТЕНИЙ. ХВОЙНЫЕ РАСТЕНИЯ - Латинское название. (Encyclopedia of Ornamental Garden Plants. Conifers. Index of Latin names).  < >. Russian *****

Farjon, Aljos,  1998,  World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers. Richmond, U.K.: Royal Botanical Gardens - Kew.

Farjon, Aljos, 2005. A monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew. ISBN 1842460684.

Flora Europaea, 2009,  Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK. (FE)

Flora of China, 1999,  Pinus Linnaeus. < >.  Chinese 

Frankis Michael P. , 2002,  Pinus subgenus Strobus Cone Collection, Arboretum de Villardebelle.  < >.  *****

Google Language Tools . This page contains several translation services. One can enter either a word, a text, or a URL. Useful for anyone pursuing links on non-English pages, and may also be helpful to non-English speakers using the Gymnosperm Database. < >.   Multilingual

Google Translate , 2009 - 2010. This is an ongoing project of the "Wiki" kind covering 43 + interactive languages. < >.  Multilingual
I have not tested every language pair but those I have tested gave results far superior to any equivalent bi-lingual dictionary. M. H. P. (I do not have shares in Google, I simply appreciate good efficient tools).  *****

Gotfredsen Erik, 2009, Liber Herbarum II, The incomplete reference-guide to Herbal medicine.
< >.  Multilingual

Grandtner Miroslav M., 1997 - 2008, WORLD DICTIONARY OF TREES. Wood and Forest Sciences Department, Faculty of Forestry and Geomatics, Laval University, Quebec, Canada. < >.   Multilingual 

Grandtner Miroslav M. , 2005, Elsevier's Dictionary Of Trees: Volume 1: North America. (Hardcover - 2005-06-06). English, French, Spanish.

Griffith Chuck, 1996 - 2005. Dictionary of Botanical Epithets. release 1.0. < >. Botanical Latin

Grissino-Mayer Henri D. & Kaennel Dobbertin Michèle 2003 - 2004,  Dendrochonology Species Database, Section Forest Ecosystems and Ecological Risks & Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, WSL, Switzerland. < >.

Hải Thượng Lãn Ông, 2000 - 2010,  VIỆN THÔNG TIN - THƯ VIỆN Y HỌC TRUNG ƯƠNG.  Lê Thánh Tông - Hà Nội - Việt Nam. < >.  Latin index / search : < >.  Vietnamese

Helardot Jean Louis2004,  Arbres : Epiceas (Picea), Erables (Acer), Pins (Pinus) et Sapins (Abies).  < >.   Multilingual

I. E. S. Pinguela,  2004,  Cientifico, Gallego, Castellano, Portugués Index.   < >.

Izvor, 2009, Centra za razvoj ekološke svesti. Drvenaste biljke Srbije (Drveće, žbunje, drvenaste biljke). < >.  Serbian

Dora & Kristinsson Hordur. 2001. "Icelandic plant names" in Orðabanki  Íslenskrar málstöðvar. Icelandic Word Bank (multilingual tool sponsored by the LangTec project of the Icelandic Ministry of Education, Science and Culture).  <>.  Icelandic language /   Multilingual

Jolanta Kujawa-Pawlaczyk and Paweł Pawlaczyk, 2000. Rośliny naczyniowe stwierdzone w Drawieńskim Parku Narodowym i w jego sąsiedztwie. Vascular plants of Drawa National park and its neighbourhood.  Compiled  30.01.2000.  <  > .  Polish

Karavla Josip (Mr. sc.), 2009,  Karavla Rječnik Bilja. Dendrologija Hortikultura Botanika (Dictionary of Plants - Botany Horticulture Dendrology). Electronic version.
< >.  Croatian - English

KPNI 2003 - 2010.  Korean Plant Names Index. Korea Forest Service. Pinaceae.
< >.   Korean

Kurowscy L.G. 2010, Lucjan i Grzegorz Kurowscy Firmie (Nursery). Online Catalogue - Coniferous plants. < >. Polish

Kuzmic Tomislav, 2005-2009.  EUdict (European dictionary). < >.   Multilingual

Lehmann Lutz, 2009,  Lao Tree Seed Project, SPECIES MONOGRAPH NO. 28, Sponsored by  the National Agriculture and Forestry Research Institute (NAFRI) & Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA). Nam Souang Forest Research Centre, Naxaythong District, Vientiane Municipality, Lao P.D.R. Lao

LePage Ben A. , Williams Christopher James , Hong Yang (Editors). 2005. The geobiology and ecology of Metasequoia. Springer.

Little, D.P., A.E. Schwarzbach, R.P. Adams, & C.-F. Hsieh. 2004. The Circumscription and Phylogenetic Relationships of Callitropsis and the Newly Described Genus Xanthocyparis (Cupressaceae). American Journal of Botany 91(11): 1872-1881.

Lintermann und Deussen GbR, 2004,  XfrogPlants, USA Conifers Library. (Chinese version) , Version 2.0.
 < >. Chinese

LIU Yan-Ju *, WANG Yu-Fei * &  LI Cheng-Sen* , 2010, (*Dept. of Palaeobotany, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China). Studies on fossil Metasequoia from north-east China and their taxonomic implications. Volume 130 Issue 3, Pages 267 - 297. Published Online: 28 Jun 2008. Botanical Journal of  The Linnean Society of London.

Magini E. & Ammannati R. - Sulla stima del tasso di autofecondazione in Pinus pinca L. attraverso la frequenza di piante con pinoli premici. XXXVIII. (1989). Pag. 133.

MDBG,  2009, Chinese - English Dictionary. < >. Chinese 

Metafro-Infosys, 2009, Tervuren Xylarium Wood Database, Tervuren Wood Collection database of the Royal Museum for Central Africa.  < >.  Multilingual

Munnik Paul, 2008, Namen van naaldhout. Inleiding:   Plantaardigheden - Netherlands.
< >. Dutch

Natural Resources Canada, 2007 - 2009.  Canada Forest Service. Species Checklists. Pinaceae pine Family. < >. Botanical synonymy.

oNLINE 植物アルバム  2002 - 2010, Online Botanical Database, Miyakyo University - Japan.  < >. Japanese.

Panagiotis Vasilakos, ΦΥΤΩΡΙΑ ΒΑΣΙΛΑΚΟΣ  Vasilakos' Nursery Gardens. < >. Greek language

Platts John T. 1884, A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London. 1259 pp.
Oxford University Press. 0-19-864309-8. (Data conversion and presentation sponsored by the University of Chicago, the University of Michigan, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison with support from the U.S. Department of Education and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science). Data updated October 2006. < >. Arabic, Urdu, Devanagari (Hindi).

ポンニタイ, 2010,  コニファー (針葉樹, 球果植物) のデータベース (Conifer Database).
< >.  Japanese

Short David, 2001, Specialist Dictionary - Trees, Bushes & Shrubs. Latin, Czech, English, German, and Slovakian Table. < >.   Multilingual

Simonović Dragutin, 1959, Botanički rečnik - imena biljaka; Naučno delo, Izdavačka ustanova srpske akademije nauka, Beograd.

Thomson, Lex A.J.  2006. Agathis macrophylla (Pacific kauri), ver. 1.2 (April 2006). In: Elevitch, C.R. (ed.). Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry. Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Hōlualoa, Hawai‘i. < >.

U. AUNG DIN, L'utilisation des pins dans les régions tropicales. Division des Forêts de la FAO
< >.

(Latin-Polish Dictionary. Dendroflora Arboretum, Wojslawice Botanical Garden, University of Wroclaw).
< >. Polish

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: (03 December 2009).   Taxonomy, Multilingual in parts

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: (20 February 2010)

Vidaković Mirko  & Soljan Maja , 1991, Conifers: morphology and variation‎. Technology & Engineering. (754 pages).

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Last modified: 23 / 02 / 2010
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