Sorting Eleocharis names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :




Eleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult.

SYNONYM(S) : Heleocharis acicularis (L.) Roem. & Schult. nom. illeg. *

CHINESE :   Niu mao zhan (Taiwan), 牛毛顫   (Taiwan)   Song mao lin, Song ye lin (Taiwan).

DANISH : Nålesumpstrå .

DUTCH : Naaldwaterbies .

GERMAN : Nadel-Sumpfried, Nadel-Sumpfsimse .

ENGLISH : American slender spikerush, Needle spikerush, Needle spike-rush (USA), Needle spike sedge, Slender spike rush, US slender spike-rush.

FINNISH : Hapsiluikka .

FRENCH : Eléocharide aciculaire, Héléocharis aciculaire.

ITALIAN : Capitello .

RUSSIAN : Bolotnitsa igol'chataia.

SWEDISH : Nålsäv .


Eleocharis acutangula (Roxb.) Schult.

SYNONYM(S) :  Eleocharis fistulosa Schult., Scirpus fistulosus Poir.

CHINESE :    桃園藺    Tao yuan  lin  (Taiwan).

Eleocharis atropurpurea (Retz.) Presl

CHINESE :   黑果藺   Hei guo lin  (Taiwan).

Eleocharis congesta D. Don

SYNONYM(S) :  Scirpus congestus (D. Don) Buch.-Ham. ex Spreng.

Eleocharis congesta D. Don subsp. japonica (Miq.) T. Koyama

CHINESE :   針藺   Zhen lin  (Taiwan).

Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f.) Trin. ex Hensch.

SYNONYM(S) : Andropogon dulce Burm. f., Andropogon dulcis Burm. f., Carex tuberosa Blanco, Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f.) Trin. ex Hensch. var. tuberosa (Roem. & Schult.) T. Koyama, Eleocharis equisetina Presl., Eleocharis indica (Lour.) Druce , Eleocharis plantaginea R. Br., Eleocharis plantaginea (Retz.) Roem. & Schult., Eleocharis plantaginoides Domin. , Eleocharis tuberosa (Roxb.) Schult., Eleocharis tuberosa Roem. & Schult., Eleocharis tumida Roem. & Schult., Scirpus plantagineus Retz.,  Scirpus tuberosus Roxb., nom. illeg., Scirpus tumidus Roxb.

CHINESE : Ma ti (Cantonese "ma tai"), 荸薺  (Taiwan)水燈心草   Shui deng xin cao (Taiwan).

ENGLISH : Chinese water-chestnut, Ground-chestnut, Horse's hoof tuber bulrush (Hong Kong), Waternut.

FRENCH : Châtaigne d'eau, Châtaigne d'eau vietnamienne, Eléocharide à tubercules comestibles.

GERMAN : Chinesische Wassernuß, Wasserkastanie.

HINDI : Singhara.

JAPANESE : Inu kuro guwai, Oo kuro guwai, Shinu kuro guwai, Shiro guwai.

MALAY : Babawangan (Indonesia), Chikai (Indonesia), Dekang, Tike (Timor), Tekere, Teki (Indonesia), Tikitt, Ubi puron.

NEPALESE : Kasuur.

RUSSIAN : Bolotnitsa sladkaia.

SPANISH : Cabezas de negrito, Nuez china.

TAGALOG : Apulid, Buslid, Kalangub.

THAI : Haeo.



Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f.) Trin. ex Hensch. var. dulcis

CHINESE : Wu yu.

ENGLISH : Water-chestnut.

RUSSIAN : Bolotnitsa sladkaia.

THAI : Haeo kra thiam, Haeo song kra thiam.


Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f.) Trin. ex Hensch. var. tuberosa (Roem. & Schult.) T. Koyama

SYNONYM(S) : Carex tuberosa Blanco, Eleocharis dulcis (Burm. f.) Hensch. var. tuberosa (Roxb.) T. Koyama, Eleocharis tuberosa (Roxb.) Schult., Eleocharis tuberosa Roem. & Schult., Scirpus tuberosus Roxb., nom. illeg.

CHINESE : Bi qi,  甜荸薺  Tian bi qi (Taiwan). 

ENGLISH : Chinese water-chestnut, Tuberous spike sedge.


RUSSIAN : Bolotnitsa klubnenosnaia.

THAI : Haeo cheen (Haeo chin).

Eleocharis elegans (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.

ENGLISH : Elegant spike-rush.

FRENCH : Eléocharide élégante.


Eleocharis geniculata (L.) Roem. & Schult.

CHINESE :   彎形藺  (Taiwan).

ENGLISH : Spike-rush.


SPANISH : Cebolleta de pantano (Colombia), Mara (Colombia).


Eleocharis kuroguwai Ohwi

JAPANESE : Kuro guwai.

Eleocharis ochrostachys Steud.

SYNONYM(S) :  Eleocharis casibaea (Rott) Blake,  Eleocharis subulata Boeck., Eleocharis variegata Presl., Scirpus ochrostachys Kuntze.

CHINESE :  假马蹄日月潭藺  (Taiwan).

ENGLISH :  Spikerush.

JAPANESE : トクサイ  Tokusai.

VIETNAMESE :  Năng chỉ , Năng kim.

Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult.

SYNONYM(S) : Eleocharis intersita Zinserl. , Scirpus palustris L.

DANISH : Sydlig sumpstrå.

DUTCH : Waterbies.

ENGLISH : Common spike-rush, Creeping spike-rush, Marsh bulrush, Marsh spike-rush, US creeping spikerush.

FINNISH : Rantaluikka.

FRENCH : Eléocharide des marais (Canada), Héléocharis des marais (France).

GERMAN : Gemeines Sumpfried, Gemeine Sumpfsimse.

ITALIAN : Giunco tondo.

SWEDISH : Knappsäv.


Eleocharis quinqueflora (Hartmann) O. Schwarz

SYNONYM(S) :    Eleocharis pauciflora (Lightf.) Link, Scirpus pauciflorus Lightf.

Eleocharis retroflexa (Poir.) Urb.

SYNONYM(S) :   Chaetocyperus niveus Liebm., Chaetocyperus rugulosusChaetocyperus viviparus Liebm., Eleocharis chaetaria Roem. & Schult., Scirpus retroflexus Poir.

贝壳叶荸荠, 貝殼葉荸薺  (Hong Kong).

ENGLISH :  Coastal plain spikerush.

VIETNAMESE :  Nang chồi,  Nâng chồi, Năng chồi.

Eleocharis retroflexa subsp. chaetaria (Poir.) Urb.

Cyperus setaceus Retz.

Eleocharis tetraquetra Nees ex Wight

CHINESE :    四角藺  (Taiwan).

Болотница четырехгранная  Bolotnitsa chetyrekhgrannaia.

Eleocharis tortilis (Link) Schult.

SYNONYM(S) :  Scirpus tortilis Link

ENGLISH : Twisted bulrush, Twisted spike-rush, Twisted spike-sedge.

FRENCH : Eléocharide tortueuse.



* Heleocharis acicularis : This is an old alternative spelling for Eleocharis acicularis. In older books one will find occasionally other species of this genus spelt with the H. It is inspired from the original Greek "helodes" meaning "growing in marsh" but for some reason modern taxonomists favour Eleocharis and therefore the version with H is probably taxonomically invalid.




Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Eleocharis Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Faculty of  Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. < > (2005).


General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

Hanelt Peter et al. , 2001, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, Vol. 6. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (Editors), First English Edition, Springer.

IPK Gatersleben, 2002, Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. < >.

IPNI, 2003, International Plant Name Index. Online Database. < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (26 January 2004).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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Date created: 03 / 01 / 2004
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Last modified: 05 / 10 / 2005
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