Sorting Wasabia names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :



Wasabia japonica (Miq.) Matsum.

SYNONYM(S) : Cochlearia wasabi Siebold, nomen nudum., Eutrema japonica (Miq.) Koidz., Eutrema wasabi (Sieb.) Maxim. , Wasabia pungens Matsum.

CHINESE : Shan yu cai, Shan kui.

DANISH : Japansk peberrod.

DUTCH : Bergstokroos.

ENGLISH : Cultivated wasabi, Japanese horseradish.

FRENCH : Raifort du Japon, Raifort vert.

GERMAN : Japanischer Kren, Japanischer Meerrettich.

JAPANESE : Wasabi, Wasabi daikon, Wasabi.

KOREAN : Wasabi.

PORTUGUESE : Raiz-forte (Brazil).

RUSSIAN : Vasabi, Iaponskii khren.

SPANISH : Rabanete japonês, Wasábia.

SWEDISH : Japansk pepparrot.


Types : Oka wasabi ( dry-land wasabi), Sawa wasabi (water wasabi).

Cultivars : Daruma, Hangen, Izawadaruma, Mazuma, Medeka, Midori, Mochidaruma, Sanpoo, Shimane, Takai.

Wasabia japonica (Miq.) Matsum. var. koreana (Nakai) Y. Lee

SYNONYM(S) : Eutrema koreanum (Nakai) K. Hammer, Wasabia koreana Nakai

CHINESE : Chao xian shan yu cai (as E. koreanum).

ENGLISH : Korean horseradish.

KOREAN : San kyu, Wasabi.

Wasabia tenuis (Miq.) Matsum.

SYNONYM(S) : Cardamine bracteata S. Moore, Eutrema hederifolia Franch. & Sav., Eutrema tenue (Miq.) Makino, Nasturtium tenue Miq., Wasabia bracteata (S. Moore) Hisauchi

CHINESE : Ri ben shan yu cai (as E. tenue).

ENGLISH : Lesser wasabi, Wild wasabi.

JAPANESE : Yuri wasabi.


Wasabia tenuis (Miq.) Matsum. var. okinosimensis (Takenouchi) Kitam.

SYNONYM(S) : Eutrema okinosimense Takenouchi, Wasabia okinosimensis (Takenouchi) Hatusima

JAPANESE : Oo yuri wasabi.

Wasabia thibeticum (Franch.) G. Yang

SYNONYM(S) : Eutrema thibeticum Franch.

CHINESE : Que zhu shan yu cai (as E. thibeticum), Xi zang shan yu cai (as E. thibeticum).

ENGLISH : Tibetan horseradish, Tibetan wasabi.

Wasabia yunnanensis (Franch.) Nakai

SYNONYM(S) : Eutrema yunnanense Franch.

CHINESE : Shan yu cai (as E. yunnanense), Yun nan shan yu cai (as E. yunnanense).

ENGLISH : Yunnan horseradish, Yunnan wasabi.



1. We have not been able to confirm the differences between the various species and the true Japanese wasabi. The types and cultivars need confirming.

2. We are not confident that the Korean names are properly worked out. Further work is needed on this genus.

3. thibeticum appears to be the accepted spelling for this epithet and this species. It is for example spelt tibeticum in Nasturtium tibeticum.




Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Wasabia Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Institute for Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. < > (2004).


General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

Hanelt Peter et al. , 2001, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Hoerticultural Crops, Vol. xx. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (Editors), First English Edition, Springer.

IPK Gatersleben, 2002, Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. < >.

IPNI, 2003, International Plant Name Index. Online Database. < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (08 January 2004).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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