Sorting Zizania names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :



Zizania aquatica L.

SYNONYM(S) : Hydropyrum esculentum Link

CHINESE : Gu, Jiao sun (Sticky shoots), Mei zhou ye hei dao.

ENGLISH : Annual wild rice, Black rice, Canadian rice, Canadian wild rice, Eastern wild rice, Indian rice, Indian wild rice, Tuscarora rice, Water oats, Water rice, Wildrice, Wildrice stem, Wildrice grain, Wildrice inflorescence.

FRENCH : Avoine des marais, Avoine tuskaro, Manoomin (Chippewa name), Riz noir à grains longs, Riz sauvage, Riz sauvage américain, Tuskaro (Iroquois name), Zizanie aquatique.

JAPANESE : Amerika makomo, Wairudo raisu.

RUSSIAN : Kanadskii ris, Tsitsaniia vodianaia, Vodianoi ris.


Zizania aquatica L. 'Giant Wild Rice'

Zizania aquatica L. subsp. angustifolia (A.S. Hitchc.) Tzvelev

SYNONYM(S) : Zizania aquatica L. var. angustifolia A.S. Hitchc., Zizania palustris L. var. palustris


Zizania aquatica L. var. aquatica

SYNONYM(S) : Zizania aquatica L. var. subbrevis Boivin

FRENCH : Zizanie à fleurs blanches (Canada).

Zizania aquatica L. var. brevis Fassett

CHINESE : Duan gu.

ENGLISH : Estuarine wild rice.

FRENCH : Zizanie naine, Zizanie naine à fleurs blanches (Canada).


Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Turcz. ex Stapf.

SYNONYM(S) : Hydropyrum latifolium Griseb., Zizania caduciflora Hand.- Mazz. nom. illeg., Zizania caduciflora (Turcz. ex Trin.) Hand-Mazz., Zizania latifolia (Griseb.) Stapf.

CHINESE : Jiao er cai (as Z. caduciflora), Gu, Jiao bai (Cantonese Gàau paak), Jiao sun (Cantonese Gàau séun or Kau sun), Jiao ye (Cantonese Gàau yihp), Gu mi (fruit).

ENGLISH : Chinese wild rice, Barbarian rice, Manchurian wild rice, Wild rice green shoots.

FRENCH : Riz sauvage de Mandchourie.

GERMAN : Wasserbambus.

JAPANESE : Makomo.

RUSSIAN : Dikii ris, Tsitsaniia shirokolistnaia.

THAI : Ka pek (Phuket), No mai nam (Bangkok).


Zizania palustris L.

ENGLISH : Northern wild rice (USA).

FRENCH : Zizanie des marais.

JAPANESE : Jizania barusutorisu.

RUSSIAN : Dikii ris.


Zizania palustris L. var. interior (Fassett) Dore

Zizania aquatica L. var. interior Fassett





Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Zizania Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Institute for Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. < > (2004).


General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

Hanelt Peter et al. , 2001, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, Vol. xx. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (Editors), First English Edition, Springer.

IPK Gatersleben, 2002, Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. < >.

IPNI, 2003, International Plant Name Index. Online Database. < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Smitinand Tem, 2001, Thai Plant Names - Revised Edition by The Forest Herbarium - Royal Forest Department. Bangkok. Thailand.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (07 March 2004).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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Date created: 05 / 07 / 1995
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Last modified: 24 / 03 / 2004
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Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher,