Sorting Acrocomia names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :



Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart.

SYNONYM(S) : Acrocomia fusiformis (Sw.) Sweet, Acrocomia lasiospatha Mart., Acrocomia media O. F. Cook, Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart., Acrocomia microcarpa Barb. Rodr., Acrocomia mokayayba Barb. Rodr., Acrocomia sclerocarpa Mart., Acrocomia spinosa (Mill.) H. E. Moore, Acrocomia totai Mart., Acrocomia vinifera Oerst., Bactris pavoniana Mart., Cocos fusiformis Sw., Euterpe aculeata (Willd.) Spreng.

CHINESE : Pi ci ge lu zong , Ge lu ye zi (Hong Kong, Taiwan).

ENGLISH : Coyol palm, Macaw palm, Mucuja palm, Paraguay palm, Ruffle palm.

FRENCH : Acrocome, Coyol, Noix de coyol.

JAPANESE : Akurokomia, Akurokomia yashi, Akurokomiya.

PORTUGUESE : Mucajá , Mucujá (Brazil).

SPANISH : Amankayo, Coyol (Costa Rica), Corozo (Venezuela), Totai (Bolivia), Tucuma.


The common names of the synonyms can be found below. See also Note.

Acrocomia media O. F. Cook

CHINESE : Bo duo li ge ge lu zong.

ENGLISH : Puerto Rico palm.

SPANISH : Palmera de Puerto Rico.


This is now considered as a synonym of Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart., see Note

Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart.

CHINESE : Mo xi ge ge lu zong.

ENGLISH : Corojo palm, Coyoli palm, Mexico palm.

GERMAN : Coyolipalme.

SPANISH : Coquito baboso (Mexico), Coyol baboso (Mexico), Coyol redondo (Mexico), Palma redonda (Mexico).


This is now considered as a synonym of Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. , see Note

Acrocomia sclerocarpa Mart.

PORTUGUESE : Mucajá (Brazil).

Acrocomia totai Mart.

CHINESE : Duo tai ge lu zong.

ENGLISH : Gru gru palm, Totai palm.

FRENCH : Palmier canne.

PORTUGUESE : Grou grou, Mucuja, Mucuya, Noz de Paraguai, Uba.

SPANISH : Cayiete, Grugru, Mocaya, Ocori, Palma de vino, Totai.


Photograph & description (Spanish) at Frutales y Hortalizas Promisorios de la Amazonia


This is now considered as a synonym of Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. , see Note

Acrocomia vinifera Oerst.

SPANISH : Coyol (Costa Rica), Palma coyol (Costa Rica).


This is now considered as a synonym of Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. , see Note

General Bibliography


General & specific on-line


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, 2002, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (13 February 2003).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.



In many relatively recent publications including some currently on the WWW the above species are considered separately. This explains why many names, which are mostly derived from the original Latino-American, are found under several species. It all makes sense once all the species are regrouped together under one name. However we suspect that some nomenclatural denomination (cv. var. etc. ) could reflect the physical differences observed in the plants in the field.


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Date created: 01 / 02 / 2003
Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 14 / 02 / 2003
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