Sorting Canna names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


Canna flaccida Salisb.

CHINESE :   柔瓣美人蕉黃花美人蕉  (Taiwan).

ENGLISH :   Panama canna.

Canna generalis L.H.Bailey  

CHINESE :  大花美人蕉     Da hua mei ren jiao.

ENGLISH :  Wild canna lily.

ハナカンナ   Hana kana,   フレンチカンナ  Furenchi kana.

Common names almost never differentiate between the original wild canna and the modern hybrids.

Canna glauca L.

SYNONYM(S) :  Canna angustifolia L. , Canna elegans Raf.,  Canna glauca L. var. rubrolutea Hook., Canna mexicana A. Dietr.,  Canna schlechtendaliana Bouché, Canna stricta Bouché

CHINESE :   粉美人蕉 .

ENGLISH :   Louisiana canna (USA), Narrow-leaved canna lily.

PORTUGUESE :  Albará,  Bananeira do mato.

SPANISH :  Capacho manso (Colombia), Chisgua  (Colombia), Maraca amarilla.

Canna indica L.

SYNONYM(S) :  Canna achiras Gillies, Canna cinnabarina Bouché, Canna coccinea Mill., Canna compacta Roscoe, Canna edulis Ker Gawl.,  Canna esculenta Lodd. ex Loudon, Canna humilis Bouché,  Canna indica L. var. limbata (Roscoe) Petersen,  Canna limbata Roscoe, Canna lutea Mill.,   Canna lutea Mill. var. aurantiaca (Roscoe) Regel, Canna lutea Mill. var. genuina Kraenzl., Canna nepalensis Wall., Canna orientalis Roscoe, Canna rubricaulis Link,  Canna speciosa Roscoe, Canna variabilis Willd., Canna warszewiczii A.Dietr.

ARABIC :    قنا   ,    قنا مأكول    .

CHINESE :   蕉芋 美人蕉  Mei ren jiao,  食用美人蕉     (Taiwan).

DUTCH :  Indisch bloemriet.

ENGLISH :   African arrowroot, Canna lily,  Edible canna, English shot (South America),  Indian shot,  Purple arrowroot, Queensland arrowroot (Aust., South America),  Sierra Leone arrowroot.  

FRENCH :  Balisier à chapelets (Caribbean islands), Balisier comestible, Balisier des Indes,  Balisier jaune (Caribbean islands), Balisier rouge (Caribbean islands), Canna, Canna florifére, Canne d'Inde, Toloman (Caribbean islands), Tous-les-mois (Caribbean islands).

GERMAN :  Westindisches Blumenrohr.

HAUSA :  Bakalele (Nigeria), Bakare kare (Nigeria).

  アカバナダンドク  Akabana dan doku (as C. coccinea),  ショクヨウカンナ  Choukuyou kana  (as C. edulis),  カンナ . インディカ  Kana indika.

   Gaane sarvadaa (Gane sarvada).

Albará, Araruta bastarda, Araruta de porco, Bananeirinha da India, Birú manso (Brazil).

RUSSIAN :   Канна индийская  Kanna indiiskaia.

Achira, Bandera de uriba (Colombia), Café cimarron (Panama), Caña comestible,  Caña de la India,  Capacho (Colombia), Chisgua (Colombia), Chumbima (Colombia), Maraca, Platanillo,  Yuquilla.  

THAI :   พุทธรักษา   Phut tharaksa (Central Thailand),   พุทธรักษากินได้ .

VIETNAMESE :  Cây dong riềng - lá (leaves), Cây dong riềng - thân lá, Củ dong giềng.

Canna indica L. 'Bronze'

ENGLISH :  Bronze edible canna, South American canna.

VIETNAMESE :  Awaiting feedback.

Canna indica L. 'Purpurea'

ENGLISH :  Edible canna, Purple-leaved edible canna, Canna lily  'Purpurea', Indian shot 'Purpurea'.

VIETNAMESE :   Củ chuối.

Canna indica L. 'Russian Red'

Could be a synonym of Canna indica L. 'Purpurea'

Canna indica L. var. flava Roxb.

CHINESE :  黄花美人蕉   Huang hua mei ren jiao.

May be a synonym of   Canna indica L.

Canna indica L. var. orientalis Hook. f.

JAPANESE :   ダンドク  Dan doku.

Presumably a synonym of  Canna orientalis Roscoe therefore of  Canna indica L.

Canna iridiflora Ruiz & Pav.

Peruvian canna.

Canna liliiflora Warsz. ex Planch.

ENGLISH :   Bolivian canna, Canna lily.

Canna musifolia hort.

SYNONYM(S) :  Canna  'Musafolia', Canna  'Musifolia'

ENGLISH :   Banana canna, Banana-leaved canna.

Photograph at El Tropical Nursery, Belgium.

Canna musifolia hort. 'Rubrum'

SYNONYM(S) :  Canna  'Musifolia Rubrum'

DUTCH :  Roodbladige banana-canna.

ENGLISH :   Banana canna.

Canna neglecta Steud.

Broadleaf canna (USA), Broad-leaved canna..

Canna orchioides Bailey

CHINESE :   兰花美人蕉    Lan hua mei ren jiao.

JAPANESE :     イタリアンカンナ   Itarian kana.

Canna paniculata Ruiz & Pav.

SYNONYM(S) :   Canna excelsa Lodd.

SPANISH :  Achira cimarrona  (Peru).

Canna pertusa Urban

Maraca montuna.


Canna sylvestris Roscoe

Maraca roja.

Canna tuerckheimii Kraenzl.

SYNONYM(S) :  Canna latifolia Mill.

ENGLISH :   Large-leaved canna lily.

Canna x generalis L.H.Bailey  

SYNONYM(S) :  Canna (Generalis Group), Canna hybrida hort. ex Backer,  Canna x hortensis Guill.,  Canna x orchioides L.H.Bailey

CHINESE :  大花美人蕉     Da hua mei ren jiao.

ENGLISH :   Canna lily,  Common garden canna, Ornamental hybrid canna.

FRENCH :  Balisier.

ハナカンナ   Hana kana,    カンナ   Kana,

Bananeirinha de flor.

SPANISH :  Bandera española, Chupa flor.

Canna x generalis L.H.Bailey 'Stuttgart'

ENGLISH : Stuttgart variegated canna, Green and white-leaved canna.

Photograph at Plant Delights Nursery Inc.

Canna x generalis L.H.Bailey 'Tropicanna Phasion'

 ENGLISH :  Tesselaar's canna 'Tropicanna Phasion', Variegated canna 'Phasion'.

FRENCH :  Canna panaché 'Phasion'.

Photograph at El Tropical Nursery, Belgium.


Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Canna Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database   (M.M.P.N.D - A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia.
< > (2005).


General Bibliography
Specific & complementary


Armstrong  W. P. 2005. Online Textbook of Natural History. Botany & Biology : incl. Ecology, Adaptations & Economic Uses by People. Wayne's Word, Palomar College, USA.  Interesting trivia about the use of seeds in Jewelry. < >.

Beauvoir Max G., 1998 - 2003, The Caribbean Herbalist, Herbs sorted by French Name, by Creole Name, by Scientific Name. < > (Spanish names are also inserted).

EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

ISSG, 2005, Canna indica, Global Invasive Species Database. Compiled by Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) and Reviewed by  Dr. Hitje Mass. (Herbarium Division Department of Plant Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of Utrecht. The Netherlands).
< >.

Keller J.  2001, 2005,  Canna, based on Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops' (P. Hanelt & IPK (eds.) 2001, Springer [Version 6.18] at IPK Gatersleben 2002. < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

PIER, 2004, Canna indica L., CannaceaePacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) < >. Refer to for Pacific Islands languages.

Simonović Dragutin, 1959,  Botanički rečnik - imena biljaka; Naučno delo, Izdavačka ustanova srpske akademije nauka, Beograd.

Thai Agrovoc Thesaurus. 2005,  Homepage, Search Engine < >. Canna < >.

USDA, ARS, 2005, National Genetic Resources Program.  Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN)  [Online Database].  National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.  URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov2/cgi-bin/npgs/html/ (21 April 2005).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.



Generally in most languages some names refer to the banana plant or plantain. This is because many varieties and cultivars have leaves looking like banana leaves. Canna has nothing to do with the genus Musa (the bananas).

Regarding the French name "Balisier". This name is mostly used for plants from the genus Heliconia (examples Balisier commun =  Balisier du Brésil = Heliconia acuminata, Balisier des caraïbes = Balisier rouge = Heliconia caribea). It is therefore imperative to associate an epithet to it in order to differentiate between the two genera. Perhaps the most apt is the name "Balisier comestible" because Heliconia is not likely to be edible ... or is it ? Then again "Balisier rouge" is also applied to both Canna indica and Heliconia bihai.

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Date created: 26 / 06 / 2003
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Last modified: 24 / 04 / 2005
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