Sorting Etlingera names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


Etlingera angustifolia (Val.) R. M. Sm.

SYNONYM(S) : Geanthus angustifolius Valeton

Etlingera elatior (Jack) R. M. Sm.

SYNONYM(S) : Nicolaia elatior (Jack) Horan. , Nicolaia speciosa (Blume) Horan, Alpinia elatior Jack, Alpinia magnifica Roscoe, Amomum magnificum ined., Elettaria speciosa Blume, Phaeomeria magnifica (Roscoe) K. Schum., Phaeomeria speciosa (Blume) Koord.

CHINESE : Xiang bao jiang, Xiang hua ya jiang.

ENGLISH : Ginger bud (ingredient), Javanese aromatic ginger, Indonesian tall ginger, Pink ginger bud (ingredient), Torch ginger, Torch ginger flower buds, Nicola flower buds, Philippine waxflower.

FRENCH : Gingembre aromatique, Gingembre aromatique de Java, Gingembre aromatique des Malais.

MALAY : Kantan, Bunga kantan, Bunga siantan, Honje (Indonesia), Kecombrang (Indonesia).

SPANISH : Boca de dragón.

THAI : Kaa laa.

Etlingera hemisphaerica (Blume) R. M. Sm.

SYNONYM(S) : Amomum hemisphaericum (Blume) K. Schum., Elettaria atropurpurea Teijsm. & Binn., Elettaria hemisphaerica Blume, Nicolaia atropurpurea (Teijsm. & Binn.) Valeton, Nicolaia hemisphaerica (Blume) Horan.

Etlingera latifolia (Val.) R. M. Sm.

SYNONYM(S) : Geanthus latifolius Valeton

Etlingera solaris (Blume) R. M. Sm.

SYNONYM(S) : Elettaria pallida Blume, Nicolaia pallida (Blume) Horan , Nicolaia solaris var. aurantiaca Valeton, Phaeomeria pallida (Blume) K. Schum.


General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < > (Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Latin with authority names)

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, 2000, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: Etlingera (09 November 2001).

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.

Complementary / Specific


Magnificient collection of photos by Dave Skinner at Le Jardin Ombragé. Each attractive thumbnail is linked to a larger size even more beautiful photo.
< >.



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Date created: 12 / 09 / 2001
Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 12 / 11 / 2001
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