Sorting Helianthus names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


Helianthus annuus L.

ARABIC : 'Abbâd esh shams.

CHINESE : Xiang ri kui.

DANISH : Solsikke.

DUTCH : Zonnebloem.

ENGLISH : Annual sunflower, Common sunflower, Hopi sunflower (USA).

ESTONIAN : Harilik päevalill, Päevalill.

FINNISH :  Auringonkukka, Auringon ruusu, Isoauringonkukka.

FRENCH : Soleil, Tournesol.

GERMAN : Echte Sonnenblume, Sonnenblume.

HUNGARIAN : Napraforgó.

ITALIAN : Corona del sole, Girasole.

JAPANESE : Himawari, Koujitsuki.

KOREAN : Hae ba ra gi.

NORWEGIAN : Solsikke, Solvendel.

POLISH : Slonecznik roczny, Slonecznik zwyczajny.

PORTUGUESE : Girassol.

RUSSIAN : Podsolnechnik, Podsolnechnik maslichnyi.

SLOVENIAN : Navadna sonènica.

SPANISH : Girasol.

SWEDISH : Solros.

TURKISH : Ay çiç., Gün çiç., Güne bakan.

Types :   Large-grey-seeded (edible seeds),  Small-black-seeded (oil-bearing).

There is a totally different plant called  Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass. that produces an oily seed which is sometimes wrongly called "black sunflower seed".

Large photograph of grey seeds (close-up) in China.
Photographs of all sunflower types at WBFI.

Helianthus annuus L. subsp. annuus

SYNONYM(S) : Helianthus annuus L. subsp. annuus var. annuus, Helianthus giganteus L. , Helianthus macrocarpus DC., Helianthus annuus L. var. macrocarpus (DC.) Cockerell, Helianthus annuus L. var. oleifer Thell

ENGLISH : Giant sunflower.

FRENCH : Grand soleil, Tournesol géant.

ITALIAN : Elianto dei fioro grandi.

POLISH : Slonecznik olbrzymi.

SWEDISH : Jättesolros.

This should be the preferred botanical name for the cultivated seed-producing sunflower but the trade tends to omit the subsp. name.  Of course most names applied to the species apply to this subspecies,  but the above names should be restricted to the varieties with truely giant flowers.

Helianthus annuus L. subsp. annuus var. annuus (Amerindian Group)

ENGLISH : Native American giant sunflower.

Helianthus annuus L. subsp. annuus var. annuus (European Group)

ENGLISH : European giant sunflower.

Helianthus annuus L. subsp. annuus var. annuus (Hybrid Group)

ENGLISH : Russian giant sunflower.

Helianthus annuus L. subsp. lenticularis (Dougl. ex Lind.) Cockerell

SYNONYM(S) : Helianthus aridus Rydb., Helianthus lenticularis Dougl. ex Lind., Helianthus ruderalis Ventsl.

ENGLISH : Wild sunflower.

ITALIAN : Elianto selvatico, Girasole selvatico.

Helianthus strumosus L.

SYNONYM(S) :  Helianthus macrophyllus Willd., Helianthus mollis Willd., Helianthus montanus E.Watson, Helianthus saxicola Small, Helianthus strumosus L. var. macrophyllus Britt., Helianthus strumosus L. var. mollis hort.

DUTCH :  Engelsche zonnebloem, Zonnewortel.

ENGLISH : Pale-leaved sunflower, Pale-leaved woodland sunflower, Perennial sunflower, Rough-leaved sunflower, Woodland sunflower.

FRENCH :   Hélianti.

GERMAN :   Topinambur 'Völkenroder Spindel'.

ITALIAN : Elianto perenne.

JAPANESE : Inu kiku imo.

POLISH : Slonecznik miekkowlosy.


Photograph of tubers at Graines Baumaux,   France.
Photographs of flowers at American Natives.

Helianthus tuberosus L.

SYNONYM(S) : Helianthus tomentosus Michaux, Helianthus mollissimus E. E. Wats.

ARABIC : Tartûf, Tuffâhh el ard.

CHINESE : Ju yu.

DANISH : Jordskok.

DUTCH : Aardaartisjok, Aardpeer, Topinamboer.

ENGLISH : Canada potato, Jerusalem artichoke, Sunchoke (USA), Woodland sunflower (USA).

ESTONIAN : Maapim, Mugul-artishokk, Mugulpäevalill, Näiteks maapirn, Topinambur.

FINNISH : Maa-artisokka.

FRENCH : Artichaut de Jérusalem, Artichaut de terre, Artichaut du Canada, Hélianthe tubéreux, Poire de terre, Soleil vivace, Topinambour.

GERMAN : Knollensonnenblume.

HUNGARIAN : Csicsóka.

ITALIAN : Carciofo di terra, Carciofo di Gerusalemme, Elianto tuberoso, Girasole del Canada, Patata del Canada, Tartufo di canna, Topinambur, Tupinambur.

JAPANESE : Kiku imo.

KOREAN : Ttung dahn ji, Ttung ttan ji.

NORWEGIAN : Jordskokk.

POLISH : Slonecznik bulwiasty , Topinambur.

RUSSIAN : Topinambur.

SLOVENIAN : Lashka repa, Topinambur.

SPANISH : Aguaturma, Alcachofa de Jerusalém, Castaña de tierra, Pataca, Patata de caña, Tupinambo.

SWEDISH : Jordärtskocka.

TURKISH : Beyaz yer elmas1, Tavuk gökü, Y1ld1z kökü.


Types :  Common white, Common red, Fuseau, Potato, 'Violet de Rennes'.

Helianthus tuberosus L. 'Fuseau'

ENGLISH :   Sunchoke 'Fuseau', Pink-tubered improved French sunchoke.

Topinambour fuseau.

Helianthus tuberosus L. 'Patate'

ENGLISH :   Potato sunchoke.

FRENCH :  Topinambour patate.

Helianthus tuberosus L. 'Violet de Rennes'

ENGLISH :  Purple Brittany sunchoke.

FRENCH :  Topinambour violet de Rennes.

General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, 2002, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (12 December 2003).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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Date created: 10 / 04 / 2002
Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 03 / 09 / 2005
Access: No restriction
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