Sorting Mauritia names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :



Mauritia aculeata Kunth

SYNONYM(S) : Mauritiella aculeata (Kunth) Burret

ENGLISH : Igapo palm, Rio Negro palm, Morichito palm, Single-stemmed morichito palm, Smooth trunk igapo palm.

PORTUGUESE : Caranã, Igapó.

SPANISH : Caraña.

Mauritia carana Wallace

ENGLISH : Carana palm.

SPANISH : Caraná.

Mauritia flexuosa L. f.

SYNONYM(S) : Mauritia flexuosa L. f. var. venezuela Steyermark, Mauritia minor Burret, Mauritia setigera Grisebach & Wendland, Mauritia sphaerocarpa Burret, Mauritia vinifera Martius

CHINESE : Mao rui lü.

ENGLISH : Ita palm, Morete palm, Moriche palm, Tree of life.

FRENCH : Mauricie, Mauricier, Palmier bâche (French Guiana).

GERMAN : Mauritia-Palme, Moritz-Palme.

ITALIAN : Palma ita, Palma miriti.

PORTUGUESE : Burití (as M. vinifera - Brazil), Carandaguaçu (Brazil), Carandaiguaçu (Brazil) , Miriti, Palmeira-dos-brejos.

SPANISH : Aguaje, Buriti, Buriti do brejo, Buritizeiro, Cananguche (Colombia), Caranday-guazu (Bolivia), Chomiya (Colombia), Coqueiro-buriti, Miriti, Moriche (Colombia, Peru, Venezuela), Muriti, Muritizeiro.


Mauritia martiana Spruce

SYNONYM(S) : Lepidococcus martianus (Spruce) A.D.Hawkes, Mauritiella martiana (Spruce) Burret

ENGLISH : Single-stemmed carana palm, Smooth-stemmed carana palm, Smooth-trunked carana palm.

PORTUGUESE : Caranã (Brazil).

General Bibliography


General & specific on-line


Complementary / Specific


de Castro Aline (Dr.), 1993, Buriti. As part of Selected Species and Strategies to Enhance Income Generation from the Tropical Forest by Jason W. Clay & Charles R. Clement. Working Paper - FAO Corporate Document Repository. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. < >.

EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, 2002, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (xx xxxx 2003).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.



We have attempted to reflect the following observations by Dr. Aline de Castro in our English names. Spanish & Portuguese names should equally differentiate between the 2 genera.
"Although Balick (1981) recently combined the genera Mauritia and Mauritiella, Uhl & Dransfield (1987) consider them to be distinct, due to consistent differences in growth habit and the arrangement of the flowers. Mauritia spp. are all single-stemmed, with smooth unarmed trunks, their pistilate flowers are solitary or occur on very short branches, and their staminate flowers occur in pairs. Mauritiella spp. are multistemmed, with spiny stems , their pistilate flowers occur on short branches, and their staminate flowers are solitary."
Feedback on these names in any language is most welcome.



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Date created: 01 / 02 / 2003
Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 21 / 02 / 2003
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