Sorting Olea names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


Note :  the authority names  "Hoffmgg. & Link"  in the English literature appear to become "Hoffmanns. & Link" in the French literature. Is one of them correct ?

Cross-checking table

(AgFor)  (Bed) (Braj) (CRDP) (FAO)  (FDAM) (Flcyb) (GCW) (GRIN) V (IPNI) (ISF) (ISTA) (JA) (JSent) (LibHerb) (Mansf)V (MMPND)V (Mrkv) (Nep) (Pan) (Prosea) (SavMark) (Smit)   (SwedMus) (USDA) (Wang) (W3Trop) (Yasu)


Olea capensis  L.

SYNONYM(S) :   Olea laurifolia Lam.   

ARABIC :     Awaiting feedback.

DUTCH :  Zwart ijzerhout.

ENGLISH : Black ironwood

FRENCH : Bois de fer noir

GERMAN : Schwarzes Eisenholz.

GREEK :   Ελαία η δαφνόφυλλος.

PERSIAN :       دمیراغاسی , دمرانجیلی , درخت اهن

PORTUGUESE : Pau-ferro preto (Brazil).

SHONA :  Muvanga.

SPANISH :   Madera de hierro negra.

Olea capensis L. subsp. macrocarpa (C. H. Wright) I. Verd.

SYNONYM(S) :  Olea capensis L. subsp. hochstetteri (Baker) Friis & P. S. Green, Olea hochstetteri Baker, Olea macrocarpa C. H. Wright

DANISH : Afrikansk oliventrae.

DUTCH :   Ijzerhout ,  Oostafrikaanse olijfboom.

ENGLISH : East African olive, East African olive tree.

FRENCH : Olivier d'Afrique.

GERMAN : Ostafrikanisches Olivenholz.

PORTUGUESE : Oliveira africana.

SPANISH : Olivastro, Olivo africano.

SWEDISH: Afrikansk oliv.

Olea europaea L.

SYNONYM(S) :   Olea officinarum Crantz,  Olea pallida Salisb.

CHINESE :  油橄榄.

FINNISH : Oliivi.

As is often the case most common names applied to the cultivated olive Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea would fit this species.

Olea europaea L. subsp. africana (P. Mill.) P. Green

Olea africana Mill., Olea europaea L. subsp. africana (Mill.) P. S. Green

Considered as a synonym of  Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif. below.

Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G. Don) Cif.

SYNONYM(S) :  Olea chrysophylla Lam. , Olea cuspidata Wall. ex G. Don, Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Mill.) P. Green, Olea ferruginea Royle, Olea sativa var. verrucosa (Willd.) Roem. & Schult., Olea verrucosa (Willd.) Link

CHINESE :   锈 鳞木犀榄   Xiu lin mu xi lan.

ENGLISH : Brown olive, Indian olive, Wild olive.

PORTUGESE :  Zambujeiro da India.


Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea

SYNONYM(S) : Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea Wagner et al. , Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea var. europaea , Olea europaea L. subsp. sativa Arcang., Olea europaea L. var. europaea, Olea europaea L. var. sativa Loud., Olea gallica Mill., Olea hispanica Mill., Olea lancifolia Moench, Olea sativa Gaterau

ARABIC :    زَيْتُون    Zeitoun, Zeytoon, Zeytun, Zitoon, Zitun,  شجر الزيتون   .

ARMENIAN : Jitabdoogh, Jitaptugh, Jiteni, Zeytoon, Zeytun .

BULGARIAN :   Маслина.

CHINESE :   橄欖樹   Gan lan shu (Taiwan)  油橄榄  Gan lan shu,   木犀 榄  Mu xi lan, 油橄欖樹  You gan lan shu (Taiwan).

CROATIAN : Maslina.

CZECH :  Olivovník.

DANISH : Oliven, Oliventræ

DUTCH : Olijf, Olijfboom.

ENGLISH : Common olive , Cultivated olive, European olive, Iberian olive, Mediterranean olive, Olive, Olive tree.

ESTONIAN : Õlipuus, Euroopa õlipuu.

FINNISH : Öljypuu.

FRENCH : Olive, Olive commune, Olivier, Olivier de culture.

GERMAN : Ölbaum, Olive, Olivenbaum.

GREEK :       Elea (Cyprus),   Ελιά   Elia, Oleia.

HEBREW :        זית    Zayit,   עץ הזית    .

HUNGARIAN : Olajfa, Olajbogyó (tree), Olíva.

ITALIAN : Oliva, Olivo, Ulivo.

JAPANESE :   オリーブ  Oriibu,  オ リーブの木   Oriibu no ki..

KANNADA : Aliv, Julipe.

KOREAN :   올리브    Ol li bu.

PERSIAN :    درخت زيتون    , Zeitun.

POLISH :   Drzewko oliwkowe,   Oliwka.

PORTUGUESE : Azeitona, Olivo, Oliveira.

RUSSIAN :   Олива  Oliva,  Маслина  Maslina.

SERBIAN : Maslina, Maslinov.

SLOVAKIAN : Oliva európska, Olivovník európsky.


SPANISH : Aceituna, Aceituno, Oliva, Olivo.

SWAHILI : Zeituni.

SWEDISH : Oliv, Olivträd.

TAMIL : Saidun.

TELUGU : Jaitun.

THAI :   มะกอก    Makok.

TURKISH : Zeytin.

UKRAINIAN :   Олива   Oliva.

URDU :   Awaiting feedback.

VIETNAMESE :   Awaiting feedback.

Examples of  cultivars with a worldwide reputation  below.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea  ' Ascolano ' 

SYNONYM(S) :  Olea europaea L. subsp.  europaea ' Ascolane',  Olea europaea L. subsp.  europaea ' Green Ascolane'

ENGLISH :  Large Italian green olive 'Ascolane'.

FRENCH :  Olive Ascolane verte.

ITALIAN :  Oliva di Ascoli Piceno.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Cailletier'

ENGLISH :  French Riviera black olive.

FRENCH :   Caillette (fruit), Cailletier (tree),  Cayet (tree), Niçoise (fruit) , Olive de Nice.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Elitses'

ENGLISH :  Small Cretan green olives.

FRENCH :  Petites olives vertes de Crète.


Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea ' Gigante di Cerignola '

SYNONYM(S) :  Olea europaea L. subsp.  europaea Bella di Cerignola '

ENGLISH : Giant Italian olive, Cerignola olive.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea  'Kalamata'

ENGLISH :  Calamata olive, Greek olive, Kalamata olive.

FRENCH :  Olive de Kalamata.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Manzanillo'

ENGLISH : Spanish olive.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Picholine'

ENGLISH : Green French olive.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Sevillano'

SYNONYM(S) :  Olea europaea L. subsp.  europaea  ' Gordal '

ENGLISH : Spanish olive.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Taggiasca'

ENGLISH :   Black Ligurian olive, Ligurian olive.

FRENCH :  Olivette, Ligurian olivette.

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Tanche'

ENGLISH : Wrinkle-fruited French olive.

FRENCH :  Olive de Nyons,  Tanche de Nyons.  

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea 'Throubes'

ENGLISH : Wrinkled black-fruited Cretan olive.

FRENCH :  Olives noires ridées de Crète.

Ελιές Θρούμπες,  Θρούμπες  Throumpes (Throubes).

Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea var. sylvestris (Mill.) Lehr

SYNONYM(S) :   Olea europaea L. subsp. oleaster (Hoffmgg. & Link) Negodi, Olea europaea L. subsp. sylvestris (Mill.) Rouy,  Olea europea L. var. oleaster (Hoffmgg. & Link.) DC., Olea europaea L. var. sylvestris Brot.,  Olea oleaster Hoffmgg.  & Link, Olea sylvestris Mill.

DANISH : Vild oliven , Vild oliventræ.

DUTCH : Wilde olijf , Wilde olijfboom.

ENGLISH : Oleaster, Wild olive, Wild olive tree.

FRENCH : Olivier sauvage.

GERMAN : Oleaster, Wilder Ölbaum

GREEK :   Aγριλιά,  Ελαία η αγρία.

ITALIAN :     Oleastro, Olivastro.

PORTUGUESE :  Oliveira, Zambujeiro.

SPANISH :   Acebuche, Oleastro

Photograph of wood grain at
Forest Department of Universidade deTrás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal.

Olea salicifolia Wallich ex G. Don

喜马木犀榄    Xi ma mu xi lan.

ENGLISH :   Willow-leaved olive tree.

FRENCH :   Olivier à feuilles de saule.




Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Olea Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia.
< > (2005).




General Bibliography




Specific & complementary

CNR, 2005,   Italian Olive Cultivars and their Synonyms Database. Institute for the propagation of Woody Plants.  Firenze, Italy. < >.

Encyclopédie Wikipédia. Projet d'encyclopédie libre et gratuite, Wikipédia francophone - Botanique. < >.

EuroDicAutom 2002, EEC (Europa European Commission). European Terminology Database. On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages.
< >, < >,  1999-2004,  Olive Gallery of main commercial cultivars offered by the Official Website of Khalifah Institute.   < >.

Katzer Gernot,
2005,  Spice pages. Olive (Olea europea L.).   < >.

Logos Dictionary, 2005,  Olive.  < >.

MidEastWeb for Coexistence RA. , 2005,  Arabic and Hebrew Lexicon. English-Hebrew-Arabic Dictionary. Hebrew-Arabic Dictionary.   < >.

OneLook Dictionary, 2005,  Olive.   < >.

USDA, ARS,  2005, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (29 April 2005). (GRIN)


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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Date created: 27 / 04 / 2005
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Last modified: 11 / 04 / 2007
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