Sorting Spinacia names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :



Spinacia oleracea L.

SYNONYM(S) : Spinacia domestica Borkh.

ARABIC : Isfanahk, Ispanahk, Sabanekh (Egypt).

CHINESE : Bo cai.

CROATIAN : Goli spinat.

DANISH : Spinat.

DUTCH : Spinazie.

ENGLISH : Spinach, Cultivated spinach.

FINNISH : Pinaatti.

FRENCH : Epinard, Épinard potager.

GERMAN : Spinat.

GREEK : Spanaki.

ITALIAN : Spinacio.

HEBREW : Tered, Tered hagina.

HINDI : Paalak, Pinni.

HUNGARIAN : Paraj, Spenót.

ITALIAN : Spinacio comune.

JAPANESE : Hourensou.

PERSIAN : Ispany.

KOREAN : Shi geum chi (Shi gum chi, Sigmchi).


POLISH : Szpinak warzywny.

PORTUGUESE : Acelga, Espinaca, Espinafre,  Espinafré, Espinafré de Holanda

RUSSIAN : Shpinat ogorodnyi.

SPANISH : Espinaca , Espinaca holandesa.

SWEDISH : Spenat.

URDU : Paalak.

Spinacia oleracea L. var. inermis (Moench) Metzg.

SYNONYM(S) : Spinacia glabra Mill., Spinacia inermis Moench, Spinacia oleracea L. subsp. inermis (Moench) Celak.

CHINESE : Xia tian bo cai, Yuan zi bo cai.

ENGLISH : Round-seeded spinach, Smooth-seeded spinach..

FRENCH : Épinard à graines rondes, Épinard d'été, Épinard sans cornes.

GERMAN :  Rundsamiger Spinat.

PORTUGUESE : Espinafre de Viroflay, Espinafré redondo.

SPANISH : Espinaca de hoja lisa, Espinaca de hoja rugosa.


Representative cultivars : 'Monstrous of Viroflay', 'Virginia Savoy'.

Spinacia oleracea L. var. oleracea

SYNONYM(S) : Spinacia oleracea L. f. typica Beck, Spinacia oleracea L. subsp. spinosa (Moench) Celak. Spinacia oleracea L. var. spinosa Moench, Spinacia spinosa Moench, Spinacia tetranda Roxb., non Stev.

CHINESE : Dong tian bo cai, Yang bo cai.

ENGLISH : Prickly-seeded spinach, Spiny-seeded spinach, Winter spinach.

FRENCH : Épinard d'hiver, Épinard à graines cornues.

JAPANESE : Seiyou hourensou.

NEPALESE : Gobre paalungo, Paalungo.

SPANISH : Espinaca holandesa.


Representative cultivar : 'Broad-leaved Prickly'.

Spinacia tetranda Stev.

ENGLISH : Armenian wild spinach, Wild spinach.

FRENCH : Épinard sauvage d'Arménie.

Spinacia turkestanica Iljin

ENGLISH : Wild spinach.

FRENCH : Épinard sauvage, Épinard sauvage du Turkestan.

General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

IPK Gatersleben, 2002, Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (14 November 2003).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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Date created: 01 / 02 / 2003
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Last modified: 28 / 11 / 2005
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