Sorting Swertia names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


(Bed) (Braj) V (CRDP) (FAO) V  (FDAM) (Flcyb) (GCW) (GRIN) V (IPNI) V (ISF) V (ISTA) (JA) V (JSent) V (LibHerb) (Mansf) V (MMPND) (Mrkv) (Nep) (Pan) V (Prosea) (SavMark) (Smit) V   (SwedMus) (USDA) (Wang) V (W3Trop) (Yasu)


Swertia angustifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don

CHINESE :  Xia ye zhang ya cai.

ENGLISH : Narrow-leaved swertia.

NEPALESE :    Ciraito.

THAI : Ya di faen (Chiang Mai),  หญ้าดอกลาย  Ya dok lai, Ya di khwai.


Swertia bimaculata (Siebold & Zucc.) C. B. Clarke

SYNONYM(S) : Swertia bimaculata (Siebold & Zucc.) Hook. f. & Thoms.

CHINESE : Zhang ya cai.

ENGLISH : Two-spotted swertia.

JAPANESE : Akebono sou.

Swertia calcicola Kerr

THAI : Ta ka po (Karen - Chiang Mai).

Swertia caroliniensis (Walter) Kuntze

SYNONYM(S) : Frasera caroliniensis Walt., Frasera officinalis W. Bart.

ENGLISH : American columbo, Columbo (USA), Green gentian (New York - USA).

SPANISH : Raiz de Colombo.

Swertia chinensis (Griseb.) Franch.

SYNONYM(S) : Swertia diluta (Turcz.) Benth. & Hook. f.

CHINESE : Bei fang zhang ya cai.

ENGLISH : Chinese swertia.

FRENCH : Swertie du nord de la Chine.


Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Fleming) H. Karst.

SYNONYM(S) : Gentiana chirata Wall. , Gentiana chirayita Roxb. ex Fleming, Swertia chirata (Wall.) C. B. Clarke

CHINESE : Yin du zhang ya cai.

ENGLISH : East Indian balmony, Indian gentian.

FRENCH : Swertie de l'Inde.

HINDI : Chirata, Chiraita, Chiretta.

NEPALESE :     Ciraaitaa,    Tidaa.

SANSKRIT : Kiratatikta, Kiratatiktaka.

SPANISH : Esvertia de la India.

Swertia ciliata (D. Don ex G. Don) B. L. Burtt.

NEPALESE :      Kaalen.

Swertia japonica (Roem. & Schult.) Makino

SYNONYM(S) : Gentiana japonica Roem. & Schult.

FRENCH : Swertie du Japon.

JAPANESE : Senburi.


Swertia leducii Franch.

SYNONYM(S) : Swertia mileensis T. N. Ho & W. L. Shih

CHINESE : Qing ye dan.

Swertia macrosperma C. B. Clarke

CHINESE : Da zi zhang ya cai.

ENGLISH : Large-seeded swertia.

FRENCH : Swertie à grosses graines.

Swertia neglecta (Kellogg) Kuntze

SYNONYM(S) : Frasera neglecta H. M. Hall, Swertia neglecta Jepson

ENGLISH : Pine-green gentian.

Swertia nervosa (G. Don) C. B. Clarke

NEPALESE : Aulo ghans, Kaalo chiraaito (Kalo ciraito), Tite.

Swertia perennis L.

ENGLISH : Marsh felwort, Star gentian (USA).

FRENCH : Swertie pérenne, Swertie vivace.

GERMAN : Sumpfenzian, Tarant.

RUSSIAN :   Сверция многолетняя.

SPANISH : Esvertia.


Photograph of flowers by Luis Miguel Navarro at Valle de Tena.

Photograph (close-up) in Alaska.

Swertia punicea Hemsl.

CHINESE : Zi hong zhang ya cai.

ENGLISH : Scarlet swertia.

Swertia radiata (Kellogg) Kuntze

SYNONYM(S) : Frasera speciosa Douglas

ENGLISH : Deer's ears, Elkweed, Giant frasera, Green gentian, Monument plant.

SPANISH : Cebadilla.

Swertia striata Collett & Hemsl.

THAI :    หญ้าดอกลาย  Ya dok lai (Chiang Mai).

Swertia tibetica Batal.

CHINESE : Da yao zhang ya cai, Xi zang zhang ya cai.

ENGLISH : Tibetan swertia.

FRENCH : Swertie du Tibet.




Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Swertia Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Institute of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia. < > (2004).


General Bibliography




Specific & complementary


Gentian Research Network, 2002 - 2004, English / French Swedish site by Dr. Lena Struwe and hosted by Rutgers University, USA. (free, not-for-profit, web-based forum for worldwide research on the natural history and evolution of the flowering plant family Gentianaceae (gentians).
Homepage / Gallery of thumbnail photographs < >.
Common names of gentians - arranged by Latin name < >.
Photographs of flowers (close-up) of S. decora, S. delavayi, S..patula, S. perennis, S. pubescens, S. yunnanensis by Yong-Ming Yuan at the Gentian Research Network, 2002-2004. < >.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (11 September 2004). (GRIN)



Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


back to Gateway , to list of notes

Date created: 01 / 09 / 2004
Authorised by
Last modified: 15 / 09 / 2004
Access: No restriction
Copyright © 1995 - 2020, I.L.F.R. - The University of Melbourne.
Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher,