Sorting Truffles - Tuber  names

and some related species

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :

Choiromyces maeandriformis Vitt. -> Tuber album Sow

Melanogaster broomeianus Berk. ex Tul.

SYNONYM(S) :  Melanogaster variegatus (Vittad.) Tul., Melanogaster variegatus (Vittad.) Tul. var. broomeianus (Berk.) Tul. & C. Tul.

CZECH :  Černoušek Broomeův.

FINNISH :  Kirjava limatryffeli, Ryytimantumukula.

POLISH :  Czarnobrzuszek.

SWEDISH :  Aromatisk slemtryffel.

Rhizopogon piceus Berk. ex Curt.

CHINESE :    黑根须腹菌  Hei gen xu fu jun ,  黑络丸  Hei luo wan (medicinal name), 黑络丸菌   Hei luo wan jun.

FRENCH : Truffe des pins.

Rhizopogon rubescens Tul.

Japanese : Shouro.

Terfezia leonis Tul.

SYNONYM(S) :  Terfezia arenaria (Moris) Trappe, Tuber arenaria Moris

GERMAN :   Löwentrüffel.

Terfezia pfeilli Hennings

GERMAN :   Kalaharitrüffel.

Tuber aestivum Vittadini

SYNONYM(S) : Tuber aestivum Micheli ?, Tuber macrosporum Vittad.

CHINESE :   夏块菌   Xia kuai jun.

CZECH : Lanyz letní.

DANISH : Sommertrøffel .

DUTCH : Zomertruffel .

ENGLISH : Red-grained black truffle, Summer truffle.

FINNISH : Kesatryfelli , Musta multasieni.

FRENCH : Truffe d'été, Truffe noire à grain rouge, Truffe de la Saint-Jean, Truffe anglaise.

GERMAN : Sommer Trüffel.

HUNGARIAN :  Nyári szarvasgomba.

JAPANESE :  オオミノセイヨウショウロ  (as T. macrosporum).

NORWEGIAN : Ekte troffel.

POLISH : Trufla letnia.

PORTUGUESE : Túbera de Verão, Trufa de Verão.

RUSSIAN : Tryufel' letnii.

SPANISH : Trufa de Verano.

SWEDISH : Sommartryffel.

Tuber album Sow

SYNONYM(S) : Rhizopogon album Fr., Choiromyces mæandriformis Vittadini ?, Choiromyces venosus Fr. ?

CHINESE : 白松露  Bai song lu,  Bai kuai jun.

ENGLISH : White truffle, False truffle, Piedmont truffle ?

FRENCH : Truffe blanche.

GERMAN : MäandertrüffelWeiße Trüffel,  Weisse Trüffel.

HUNGARIAN :  Fehér szarvasgomba.

ITALIAN : Tartufo bianco, Tartufo del Piemonte ?

SPANISH : Trufa blanca.

TURKISH : Beyaz keme.

Tuber borchii Vittadini

CHINESE :  其他松露  Qi ta song lu.

DUTCH : Bieke truffel.

ENGLISH :  Cercuse truffle, Tuscany white truffle, Whitish truffle.

FINNISH : Tryffeli, Multasieni.

FRENCH : Truffe blanchâtre, Truffe blanche de borch.

GERMAN :   Pico-weiße Trüffel, Weissliche Trüffel.

HUNGARIAN :  Késõi szarvasgomba.

ITALIAN :  Bianchetto, Marzaiuolo, , Marzuolo, Tartufo bianchetto, Tartufo bianco.

SPANISH : Trufa blanca.

SWEDISH : Vit tryffel.

Photograph by Gabriella di Massimo.

Tuber brumale Vittadini

SYNONYM(S) : Tuber brumale Gronof., Tuber moschatum ?

CHINESE : Dong kuai jun.

DANISH : Vintertrøffel .

DUTCH : Wintertruffel .

ENGLISH : Winter truffle, Violet truffle.

FINNISH : Isotryfelli.

FRENCH : Truffe d'hiver, Truffe musquée, Truffe noire, Truffe violette, Truffe puante, Rougeotte, Truffe vermande du Poitou.

GERMAN : Muskattrüffel, Wintertrüffel, Französische Trüffel.

HUNGARIAN :  Téli szarvasgomba.

ITALIAN : Tartufo fetido.

JAPANESE : Seiyou fuyu shouro.

POLISH : Trufla zimowa.

PORTUGUESE : Trufa de inverno.

RUSSIAN : Tryufel' zimnii.

SPANISH : Trufa violeta, Trufa de invierno.


Tuber cibarium Sibthorp

ENGLISH : Black truffle.

SPANISH : Criadilla.

Tuber excavatum Vittadini

FRENCH : Truffe jaune.

HUNGARIAN :   Üreges szarvasgomba.

Tuber gennadii (Chatin) Pat.

SYNONYM(S) : Tuber lacunosum Mattir.

ITALIAN : Tartufo bianco.

Tuber gibbosum

ENGLISH : Oregon white truffle (USA), American truffle (Australia).

FRENCH : Truffe blanche de l'Orégon.

Picture and description by Thomas J. Volk.

Tuber giganteum Gilkey

ENGLISH :   Oregon grey truffle.

Tuber himalayense Zhang & Minter

ENGLISH :  Asian black truffle.

FRENCH :  Truffe de l'Himalaya.

Tuber indicum C. & M.

CHINESE :  印度塊菌  Yin du kuai jun.

JAPANESE :  イボセイヨウショウロ

Tuber maculatum Vittadini

DUTCH : Gevlekte truffel.

SWEDISH : Trädgardstryffel.

FRENCH : Truffe tachetée.

SWEDISH : Trädgardstryffel.

Tuber magnatum (Pico) Vittadini

SYNONYM(S) :  Tuber griseum Pers.

ARABIC : Banât awbar.

CHINESE : Hui bai kuai jun.

DANISH : Piemontesertrøffel .

DUTCH : Witte truffel .

ENGLISH : Gray truffle, Italian truffle, Piedmontese truffle, Piedmont truffle, White truffle.

FRENCH : Truffe blanche d'Alba, Truffe grise d'Italie, Truffe grise du Piémont, Truffe des provençaux, Truffe grise du Piémont, Truffe blonde.

GERMAN : Lauchtrüffel, Piemonttrüffel, Weisse Italienische Trüffel, Weiße Piemonttrüffel, Graü Trüffel.

HUNGARIAN :  Piroshúsú szarvasgomba.

ITALIAN : Tartufo del Piemonte, Tartufo bigio.

JAPANESE :  シロセイヨウショウロ.

SPANISH : Trufa gris , Trufa blanca, Trufa de Piamonte.

TURKISH : Alaca keme.

Tuber melanosporum Vittadini

SYNONYM(S) : Oogaster melanosporum Carda.

CHINESE :   黑松露  Hei song lu,  Hei bao kuai jun..

DANISH :   Kartoffeltrøffel ,  Perigordtrøffel .

DUTCH : Perigordtruffel .

ENGLISH : Black Perigord truffle, Black truffle, French truffle.

FRENCH : Truffe du Périgord, Truffe périgourdine , Truffe franche, Truffe vraie, Truffe noire, Truffe violette , Truffe des gourrmets.

GERMAN : Echte Trüffel, Schwarze Trüffel, Französische Trüffel, Perigord Trüffel.

HUNGARIAN :  Francia szarvasgomba.

ITALIAN : Tartufo nero.

JAPANESE :  黒トリュフ.

POLISH : Trufla czarnozarodnikowa.

PORTUGUESE : Trufa de Périgord.

RUSSIAN : Tryufel' nastoyashchii, Tryufel' chernyi.

SPANISH : Trufa violeta, Trufa de invierno.

SPANISH : Trufa de Périgord, Trufa violeta, Trufa negra.

SWEDISH : Périgord tryffel.

Tuber mesentericum Vittadini

SYNONYM(S) :   Tuber aestivum Vitt. var. mesentericum Fisch.

ENGLISH : Bagnoli truffle, Italian truffle.

FRENCH :  Truffe de Meuse, Truffe mésentérique.

HUNGARIAN :   Kátrányszagú szarvasgomba. 

ITALIAN : Tartufo mesenterico.

Tuber rufum Pico

ARABIC : Kam-âh' hhamrâ'.

CHINESE : Hong kuai jun .

ENGLISH : Red truffle.

FRENCH : Truffe nez de chien, Truffe roussâtre, Truffe rouge.

GERMAN : Rote Trüffel.

ITALIAN : Tartufo rosso.

PORTUGUESE : Trufa vermelha .

SPANISH : Trufa roja.

Tuber rufum Pico. var. nitidum Vittad.

SYNONYM(S) :  Tuber olivaceum Harkn., Tuber nitidum Vittad.

Tuber sinense Tao & Liu

CHINESE :  中国块菌  Zhong guo kuai jun,  中國塊菌  Zhong guo kuai jun (Taiwan).

FRENCH : Truffe de Chine.

GERMAN :  China-Trüffel, Chinesische Trüffel, Chinesische Schwarze Trüffel.

Tuber uncinatum Chatin

SYNONYM(S) :   Tuber aestivum Vitt. forma uncinatum

ENGLISH : Burgundy truffle, French truffle, Grey truffle.

FRENCH :  Truffe de Bourgogne, Truffe de Champagne, Truffe de Lorraine, Truffe grise de Bourgogne.

GERMAN : Burgundertrüffel.

SPANISH : Trufa gris.


Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Tuber Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database   (M.M.P.N.D - A Work in Progress. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia.
< > (2006).

General Bibliography

Specific & complementary

Bedevian A. K. 1936, Illustrated Polyglottic Dictionary of Plant Nmaes, Argus & Papazian Presses, Cairo. (Latin, Arabic, Armenian, English, French, German, Italian, Turkish).

Chandra Aindrila, 1989, Elsevier's Dictionary of Edible Mushrooms, Botanical and Common Names in Various Languages of the World. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co. Amsterdam & New York.

ECHO-EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 11 languages provided by Information Market Europe, served by The University of Frankfurt, maintained by Jens Kurlanda. (Latin, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish).

EUTERPE, European Parliament, TRADOS MultiTerm Web Interface in 12 languages. (Latin, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish).

Kirk Paul et al., 2004, Index Fungorum, CABI Bioscience Databases. < >.

Sugahara Tatsuyuki et al., 1992, New Edition of an Illustrated Encyclopedia of Japanese Ingredients, Kenpakusha. (Latin with authority names, Japanese-hiragana, Japanese-katakana , Japanese-kanji, text in Japanese).

Tanaka Tyôzaburô, 1976, Tanaka's Cyclopedia of Edible Plants of the World, Edited by Sasuke Nakao, Keigaku Publishing Co. Tokyo, Japan. (Latin with authority names, English, French, German, Hindi, Japanese-romaji).

Volk Thomas J. 1997, Tom Volk's Fungus of the Month for January 1997. Oregon White Truffle.

Wheeler Daniel B. 1997 - 1998, Truffle Database. Probably the most comprehensive and up-to-date listing of Truffles ever published.

Wheeler Daniel B. 1998, Oregon White Truffle Home Page. Description, recipes etc.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).

Yamaguchi Mas, 1983, World Vegetables, Principles, Production & Nutritive Values. AVI Publishing Co. Inc. Wesport, Connecticut. U.S.A.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) :   Peter Nagy.

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Date created: 10 / 07 / 1995
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Last modified: 18 / 01 / 2006
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Copyright © 1995 - 2020, The University of Melbourne.
Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher