Sorting Lycopersicon names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :



Cross-checking table

(AgFor)  (Bed) (Braj) (CRDP) (FAO)  (FDAM) (Flcyb) (GCW) (GRIN) V (IPNI) (ISF) (ISTA) V   (JA) (JSent) (LibHerb)  (Logos) V   (Mansf) V (MMPND)  (Mrkv) (Nep) V   (Pan) (Prosea) (SavMark) (Smit)  V (SwedMus) (USDA) (Wang) (Webst.) V (W3Trop) (Yasu)


Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.

SYNONYM(S) : Lycopersicum esculentum Dunal, Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H. Karst. nom. rej., Lycopersicum macrophyllum Guss., Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanum pomiferum Cav.

AFRIKAANS : Tamatie.

ARABIC :   ‏بندورة  Banadhurah  (MMPND)طماطم (Webst.) Tamatim (Egypt)  ,   طَمَاطِم  (Logos).

ARMENIAN : Awaiting feedback.

ASSAMESE : Awaiting feedback.

BEMBA : Matimati.

BENGALI :   টেমেটা   (Logos) Tamato.

BULGARIAN :   Домат  Domat,   Доматен    Domaten.

BURMESE : Awaiting feedback.

CHINESE :    蕃茄 番茄   Fan qie.

CROATIAN : Poslijepodne (Logos), Rajčica (ISTA).

CZECH :   Tomatový  ,    Rajče (ISTA).

DANISH : Tomat (sing.), Tomater (pl.).

DUTCH : Tomaat (sing.), Tomaten (pl.).

ENGLISH : Garden tomato, Tomato (sing.), Tomatoes (pl.).


FINNISH : Kärleksäpple, Tomaatti (sing.), Tomaatti (pl.).

FRENCH : Tomate (sing.), Tomates (pl.).

GERMAN : Liebesäpfel, Paradeiser, Paradiesäpfel, Rispentomaten, Strauchtomaten , Tomate (sing.), Tomaten (pl.).

GREEK :    ντομάτα (Logos), ντοματιά,    Τομάτα   Tomata (ISTA)τομάτες   Tomates (plur.), τομάτας  Tomatas (plur.).

GUJARATI :  ટમેટું  (Logos)

HEBREW :       עגבניה‬    (Webst., Logos)  Agvaniyat hagina (ISTA).

HINDI :   टमाटर  Tamaatar.

HUNGARIAN : Paradicsom (ISTA)

ITALIAN : Pimmirola (Calabrese), Pomidoro (Triestino), Pomodoro (sing.), Pomo d'oro, Pomodori (pl.), Pummarola (Neapolitan), Tomatica (Piemontese).

JAPANESE :   トマト   Tomato,   とまと  Tomato.

KANNADA :  Awaiting feedback.

KHMER : Peeng pâh.

KOREAN :   토마토    Tomato .

LAOTIAN : Khüa sômz.


MALAY :  Terung masam, Tomato, Tomat (Indonesia).

MARATHI :   टोमॅटो  Taamataa.

NEPALESE : Golbhedaa, Raamabhendaa, Raamabhendaa (Rambhenda), Tamaatar (Tamatar).

NORWEGIAN : Kulturtomat, Tomat.

PERSIAN :    گ.ش   ,  جه فرنگی   (Webst.),   گوجه فرنگی   (Logos)

POLISH : Pomidor jadalny (ISTA).

PORTUGUESE : Tomate (sing.), Tomateiro, Tomates (pl.).

PUNJABI :   ਟਮਾਟਰ   Tamaatar.

ROMANIAN :     Pătlăgea roşie   (ISTA)Roşie, Tomată,  Tomată roşie.

RUSSIAN :    Помидор  Pomidor,  Томат ,  Томат обыкновенный    Tomat obyknovennyi.

SANSKRIT :   वृन्ताकम्  (Logos).

SERBIAN : Crveni patlidžan, Paradajz (ISTA)

SHONA : Domasi.

SINHALESE : Awaiting feedback.

SLOVAKIAN : Paradajka,  Rajčiak, Rajčina.

SLOVENIAN :  Paradižnik   (ISTA)

SPANISH : Jitomate (Mexico), Tomate (Mexico), Tomates (pl.), Tomatera.

SWAHILI : Nyanya (Kenya).

SWEDISH : Tomat (sing.), Tomater (pl.).

TAGALOG : Kamatis (ISTA).

TAMIL : Awaiting feedback.

TELUGU : Awaiting feedback.

THAI :   มะเขือ     Ma khuea,  มะเขือสัม  Ma khuea som (Northern Thailand),   มะเขือเทศ     Ma khuea thet (Central Thailand).

TURKISH : Domates.

UKRAINIAN :   Помідор  Pomidor, Томат ,  Томат обыкновенный.

URDU : Tamaatar.

VIETNAMESE :  Cà chua, Cà tômách.

VISAYAN : Awaiting feedback.

YORUBA : Awaiting feedback.

ZULU : Utamatisi.


Photographs of black-fruited cultivars from Tomato Growers Supply Company.

A kaleidoscope of red, orange, white and yellow-fruited cultivars at Victory Seeds - Oregon - USA.
Photographs of pink and purple-fruited
cultivars at Victory Seeds - Oregon - USA.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Cerasiforme Group)

ENGLISH : Cultivated cherry tomato.

FRENCH : Tomate à petits fruits, Tomate cerise cultivée.

GERMAN : Cocktail Tomaten, Kirschtomate.

NEPALESE : Jiire golbhedaa (Jire golbheda), Jiire golbhendaa (Jire golbhenda).

SPANISH : Tomatillo.

SWEDISH : Körsbärstomat.


 See also Notes.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Microcarpum Group)

SYNONYM(S) : Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. minor Hook.f., Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. minus Hook.f.

ENGLISH : Mini tomato, Small-fruited tomato.

JAPANESE : Mini tomato.


This is a suggested group that may or may not include all the small-fruited cherry, plum and pear-shaped tomatoes. A typical cultivar may be 'Tiny Tim' although we have met some "Tiny Tim" on the market that had an unusual foliage, different from what we knew as 'Tiny Tim' 20 years ago. This would suggest that there may be some cultivars pretending to be what they are not.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Pimpinellifolium Group)

ENGLISH : Cultivated currant tomato, Currant tomato.

FRENCH : Tomate groseille cultivée, Tomate groseille.

JAPANESE : Mini tomato.

Photograph of red-fruited currant tomato at Victory Seed Co.

 See also Notes.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Pruniforme Group)

SYNONYM(S) : Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. olivaeforme hort. , Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. oviforme (Voss) C.O.Lehm. , Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. pruniforme hort.

ENGLISH : Cultivated plum tomato, Plum tomato.


Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Pyriforme Group)

ENGLISH : Pear tomato.

FRENCH : Tomate poire.

GERMAN : Cocktail Tomaten.

NEPALESE : Tumve golbhedaa, Tumve golabhendaa.


  See also Notes.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. (Ribesiforme Group)

SYNONYM(S) : Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. ribesiforme hort.

ENGLISH : Ribbed tomato.

FRENCH : Tomate à côtes.

Photograph of a red-fruited type at Victory Seeds, USA.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) A. Gray

SYNONYM(S) : Solanum lycopersicum L. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) D.M. Spooner et al.

ENGLISH : Cherry tomato, Wild cherry tomato.

FRENCH : Tomate cerise, Tomate cerise sauvage.

GERMAN : Kirschtomate.

NEPALESE : Jire golbhendaa.

SPANISH : Tomatillo.

VIETNAMESE : Cà tômách chim.


Photograph of a black-fruited type (dark maroon-red) at Victory Seeds Company showing, fruit, leaf and sizes.
Photograph of a red-fruited type (Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands).

 See also Notes.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. esculentum

NEPALESE : Raamabhedaa, Raamabhendaa.



Until taxonomists and horticulturists agree on whether this kind of botanical name means a wild or a cultivated taxon we can assume that most common names listed under the species apply to this "variety".


Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. var. pimpinellifolium (Juslen) Mill.

SYNONYM(S) : Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. subsp. pimpinellifolium Brezh., Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium (L.) Mill., Lycopersicon racemigerum Lange, Solanum pimpinellifolium L.

ENGLISH : Wild currant tomato.

FRENCH : Tomate à fruits miniatures, Tomate groseille.

GERMAN : Johannisbeertomate.

SPANISH : Tomate cimarrón.

Photograph of a yellow-fruited type (Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands).
Photograph of red-fruited currant tomato at Victory Seed Co.

 See also Notes.

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. pyriforme (Dunal) L. H. Bailey

SYNONYM(S) : Lycopersicum pyriforme Dunal

ENGLISH : Pear tomato, Small pear tomato, Tear-drop tomato, Wild pear tomato.

FRENCH : Tomate poire sauvage.

NEPALESE : Tumve golbhendaa.


Considered by some authors as a synonym of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. esculentum

Photograph of a yellow-fruited type at Victory Seeds - Oregon - USA.
Photograph of a red-fruited type
at Victory Seeds.

 See also Notes.





Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Lycopersicon Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia.
< > (2005).



General Bibliography




Specific & complementary


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

Hanelt Peter et al. , 2001, Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, in 6 volumes. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (Editors), First English Edition, Springer.

Hô Pham-hoang, 1993, An Illustrated Flora of Vietnam in 6 Volumes. Montreal.

I.S.T.A. Nomenclature Committee, 1982, A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names - Field Crops, Grasses & Vegetables, Second Edition, International Seed Testing Association, Zurich, Switzerland.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Mosaik Verlag GmbH,1988, Korisne Biljke, (Naslov izvornika: Das Mosaik - Lexicon der Nutzpflanzen, Mosaik Verlag GmbH, München, 1986). Za Jugoslaviju Mladinska Knjiga, Ljubljana.

Parker Philip M., 2005, INSEAD, Tomato - Modern Translation.  Webster's Online Dictionary. < http://www. >.  (Webst.)

Shrestha Keshab (Dr.), 1998, Dictionary of Nepalese Plant Names, Mandala Book Point, Kantipath, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Shimizu S.(Editor), 1977, Encyclopedia of Japanese Ingredients, First Edition, Yokendo Tokyo.

Smitinand Tem, 2001, Thai Plant Names - Revised Edition by The Forest Herbarium - Royal Forest Department. Bangkok. Thailand.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (14 March 2005). (GRIN)

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.

WizCom Technologies Ltd.  2005, Translations for Tomato, in  <;jsessionid=6q1b7gftr6kib?method=4&dsid=2222&dekey=Tomato&gwp=8&curtab=2222_1&sbid=lc01a >.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).



Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : Uwe Radok, Ione Fet, Li Jun, Wang Wei Li, Xingren Wu, Yang Bang Liang, Pankaj Oudhia, Oscar Villalta, Akiko Mundy, Takako Asaoka, Orarat Mongkolporn.




Strictly speaking there should have been a distinction made between the cultivated forms and the wild forms of tomatoes right from the start of the development of the small-fruited types on a world scale, but this was not to be. As a consequence it is now difficult to go back in history and assess precisely if authors were referring to one kind or another when they placed the label "var. cerasiforme" or "var. pyriforme" on some cultivated varieties. No doubt the taxonomists would have referred to wild forms but almost simultaneously "the trade" called the cultivated varieties "var. xxx". Today with hindsight we can make the distinction. Whether "the trade" will be willing to go along with the correct labelling remains to be seen. The var. pimpinellifolium is much less exploited simply because the fruits are too small, but a growing band of enthusiasts propagate the so called "currant tomato". Again at what point should those be called cultivars and stop being called varieties ? Well! perhaps now is a good time to start... trade laws permitting.

Some authors dispute the validity of the pimpinellifolium and suggest that it may simply be a miniature form of var. cerasiforme. When grown from seeds it "would revert to a form of cerasiforme". Solana Seeds from Quebec, Canada, display a telling photograph (unfortunately far too small) comparing the wild pimpinellifolium to a wild cerasiforme and a cultivated cerasiforme. See < > under "Currant tomatoes". They also display a rare "white currant" form (pale-yellow) among many other gems from the tomato world.


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Date created: 12 / 08 / 2000
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Last modified: 12 / 04 / 2005
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