Sorting Cordyline names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


Cordyline australis (G. Forst.) Endl.

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena australis G. Forst.

CHINESE : Ao da li ya zhu jiao,   澳洲朱蕉   Ao zhou zhu jiao.

ENGLISH :  Cabbage palm, Cabbage tree, Fountain-dracaena, Giant dracaena, Grass palm, Manx palm, Palm-lily, Torbay palm.

FRENCH :   Cordyline australe.

GERMAN :  Keulenlilie.

SPANISH :  Cordiline, Drácaena, Drácena verde, Falsa palma, Kordilina.

Cordyline banksii Hook. f.

SYNONYM(S) : Terminalis banksii (Hook. f.) Kuntze

Cordyline baueri Hook. f.

SYNONYM(S) : Cordyline obtecta (Graham) Baker, Dracaena obtecta Graham, Terminalis obtecta (Graham) Kuntze


Cordyline congesta (Sweet) Steud.

SYNONYM(S) : Charlwoodia congesta Sweet


Cordyline dracaenoides Kunth

Cordyline fragrans (L.) Planch. -> Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl.

Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev.

SYNONYM(S) : Asparagus terminalis L., nom. illeg., Convallaria fruticosa L., Cordyline fruticosa Goepp., Cordyline terminalis Kunth , nom. illeg., Cordyline terminalis (L.) Kunth var. ferra (L.) Baker, Dracaena terminalis L., Dracaena terminalis Lam., nom. illeg., Dracaena terminalis Rich., Terminalis fruticosa (L.) Kuntze

CHINESE : Zhu jiao.

ENGLISH : False palm, Goodluck plant, Palm lily, Polynesian ti plant, Tree of kings.

GERMAN : Keulenlilie.

MALAY : Jeluang (Sumatra), Sawang (Borneo).

RUSSIAN :  Драцена терминалис Dratsena terminalis (as D. terminalis),   Драцена верхушечная Dratsena verkhushechnaia (as D. terminalis), Кордилина кустарниковая  Kordilina kustarnikovaiaКордилина верхушечная Kordilina verkhushechnaia.

SPANISH : Caña de indio, Croto.

THAI :  มะผู้ มะเมีย Ma poo ma mia.

Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev. 'Red Hedge'

CHINESE : Hong bian ye zhu jiao.

ENGLISH : Flaming dragon , Red dracena, Red tree of kings.

SWEDISH : Bloddracena.


Photograph of plant with wide red leaf edges at The List.

Photograph of plant with narrow red leaf edges at The List.


Cordyline indivisa (G. Forst.) Steud.

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena indivisa G. Forst., Terminalis indivisa (G. Forst.) Kuntze

ENGLISH : Blue dracaena, Broadleaf cabbage tree. 

Cordyline manners-suttoniae F. Muell.

SYNONYM(S) : Cordyline terminalis Kunth, nom. illeg. var. manners-suttoniae (F. Muell.) Baker

Cordyline obtecta (Graham) Baker -> Cordyline baueri Hook. f.

Cordyline rubra Otto & A. Dietr.

CHINESE : Hong zhu jiao.

Cordyline rumphii Hook. -> Dracaena hookeriana K. Koch

Cordyline stricta (Sims) Endl.

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena stricta Sims

CHINESE : Xia ye zhu jiao.

ENGLISH : Narrow-leaf palm-lily (USA), Narrow-leaved palm lily.  

Cordyline terminalis Kunth, nom. illeg. -> Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev.

Cordyline terminalis (L.) Kunth var. ferra (L.) Baker -> Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev.

Cordyline terminalis Kunth, nom. illeg. var. manners-suttoniae (F. Muell.) Baker -> Cordyline manners-suttoniae F. Muell.


General Bibliography


General & specific on-line


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

IPNI, 2003, International Plant Name Index. Online Database. < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, 2002, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (20 May 2003).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.



Wang Zongxun et al. (p 211) appear to be unclear about what species is Australian or can be called as such. Further checkings need to be made about the origin of some species (which is from New Zealand, Australia etc.). Which species can be best described as having sword leaves ? What is the synonymy for C. congesta ?




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Date created: 20 / 05 / 2003
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Last modified: 23 / 08 / 2010
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