Sorting Dracaena names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


Dracaena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxb.

SYNONYM(S) : Draco angustifolia Kuntze, Pleomele angustifolia (Medik.) N. E. Br.

CHINESE : Chang hua long xue shu.

Dracaena arborea (Willd.) Link

SYNONYM(S) : Draco arborea Kuntze

ENGLISH : Tree dracaena.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena drevovidnaia.

Dracaena aubryana Brongn. ex E. Morren

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena thalioides Jacob-Makoy ex Regel, Draco thaliodes Kuntze,

CHINESE : Ai long xue shu.

ENGLISH : Dwarf dracaena.

Dracaena aurea H. Mann

SYNONYM(S) : Draco aurea Kuntze, Pleomele aurea (H. Mann) N. E. Br.

ENGLISH : Golden dracaena.

RUSSIAN : Dracaena goldicana.

Dracaena bicolor Hook. f.

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena cylindrica Hook. f., Draco bicolor Kuntze, Draco cylindrica Kuntze, Pleomele cylindrica (Hook. f.) N. E. Br.

Awaiting feedback

Dracaena cambodiana Pierre ex Gagnep.

CHINESE : Hai nan long xue shu , Jian pu zhai long xue shu.

ENGLISH : Cambodia dragon tree.

Dracaena cinnabari Balf. f.

SYNONYM(S) : Draco cinnabari Kuntze

ENGLISH : Socotra dragontree.

Dracaena cochinchinensis (Lour.) S. C. Chen

CHINESE : Jian ye long xue shu.

ENGLISH : Sword-leaved dragontree.

Dracaena concinna Kunth

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena marginata Horne ex Baker, Draco concinna Kuntze,

FRENCH : Bois de chandelle.

JAPANESE : Dorasena konshinna.

Dracaena cylindrica Hook. f. -> Dracaena bicolor Hook. f.

Dracaena deremensis Engl. -> Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl.

Dracaena draco (L.) L.

SYNONYM(S) : Draco draco (L.) Lindinger, Draco dragonalis Crantz, Draco dragonalis Kuntze

CHINESE : Long xue shu.

ENGLISH : Dragontree.

FRENCH : Dragonnier, Dragonnier commun, Dragonnier des Canaries, Dragonnier des îles Canaries.

JAPANESE : Dorasena dorako.

RUSSIAN : Drakonovo derevo , Dratsena drakon, Dratsena kanarskaia.

SPANISH : Dracena de las islas Macaronésicas, Drago de Canarias.

Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl.

SYNONYM(S) : Cordyline fragrans (L.) Planch., Dracaena deremensis Engl., Draco fragrans Kuntze, Pleomele fragrans (L.) Salisb.

CHINESE : Xiang long xue shu, Yi wei long xue shu (as D. deremensis).

ENGLISH : Corn plant, Green corn plant.

FRENCH : Dragonnier d'Afrique tropicale.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena deremskaia (as D. deremensis), Dratsena dushistaia.

SPANISH : Dracena de Africa tropical, Palmillo (Latin America).

SWEDISH : Banddracena (as D. deremensis), Doftdracena.

Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl. 'Massangeana'

CHINESE : Hua ye qian nian mu.

ENGLISH : Corn plant, Mass cane, Ornamental-leaved corn plant.

SWEDISH : Doftdracena.

Dracaena goldieana hort. ex W. Bull

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena goldieana Bullen ex Mast. & Moore, Dracaena goldieana Garnier, Draco goldieana Kuntze, Pleomele goldieana N. E. Br.

CHINESE : Hu ban qian nian mu.

FRENCH : Dracaena de Malaisie à feuilles marbrées.

RUSSIAN : Dracaena goldicana.

SPANISH : Dracena de Nigeria.

Dracaena hookeriana K. Koch

SYNONYM(S) : Cordyline rumphii Hook., Dracaena rumphii (Hook.) Regel, Draco hookeriana Kuntze, Pleomele hookeriana (K. Koch) N. E. Br.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena gukera.

SPANISH : Dracena de Sudáfrica.

Dracaena hookeriana K. Koch 'Latifolia'

Dracaena hookeriana K. Koch 'Variegata'

Dracaena marginata Lam.

SYNONYM(S) : Draco marginata Kuntze

CHINESE : Yuan ye long xue shu.

ENGLISH : Madagascar dragon tree.

FRENCH : Dragon végétal, Dragonnier, Dragonnier de Madagascar.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena okaimlennaia.

SPANISH : Dracena de Madagascar.

SWEDISH : Kantdracena.

Dracaena massefiana Bos

Awaiting feedback

Dracaena reflexa (Decne.) Lam.

SYNONYM(S) : Draco reflexa Kuntze, Pleomele reflexa (Lam.) N. E. Br.

ENGLISH : Malaisian dracaena.

FRENCH : Bois de chandelle.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena otognutaia.

Dracaena reflexa (Decne.) Lam. 'Song of Bangkok'

Dracaena reflexa (Decne.) Lam. 'Song of India'

Dracaena reflexa (Decne.) Lam. 'Song of Jamaica'

Dracaena reflexa (Decne.) Lam. 'Variegata'

Dracaena rubroaurantiaca De Wild.

Awaiting feedback

Dracaena rumphii (Hook.) Regel -> Dracaena hookeriana K. Koch

Dracaena sanderiana hort., Sander ex Mast.

CHINESE : Yin ye long xue shu.

ENGLISH :  Chinese water bamboo, Friendship bamboo, Lucky bamboo, Ribbon plant, Water bamboo.

FRENCH :  Bambou d'eau, Bambou porte-bonheur, Canne chinoise, Canne de Chine, Dracaena de Chine.

JAPANESE : Dorasena sanderiaana.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena sandera.

SPANISH : Dracena de Camerún.


A good photograph of an unidentified Dracaena.

Diverse Dracaena spp. 3 cultivars on bottom of page.

Dracaena sanderiana hort., Sander ex Mast. 'Belgian Evergreen'

ENGLISH : Green water bamboo.


Photograph at Yonemura Co. Japan.

Dracaena sanderiana hort., Sander ex Mast. 'Golden'

ENGLISH : Golden water bamboo.

Dracaena sanderiana hort., Sander ex Mast. 'Variegata'

CHINESE : Kuan bian ye qian nian mu.

ENGLISH : Variegated water bamboo.

Dracaena steudneri Schweinf. ex Engl.

Dracaena surculosa Lindl.

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena godseffiana hort. ex Baker, Draco surculosa Kuntze,

ENGLISH : Gold dust draceana, Gold dust plant.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena godseffa (as D. godseffiana), Dratsena godzefa (as D. godseffiana), (Dratsena kustovidnaia (as D. godseffiana), Dratsena pobegoobrazuiushchaia

UNIDENTIFIED : Bou-kpa (Africa - Ivory Coast)., Pou-touè (Africa - Coast).

Dracaena surculosa Lindl. var. maculata Hook. f.

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena godseffiana hort. ex Sander

CHINESE : Ban dian ye qian nian mu.

ENGLISH : Spotted dracaena, Spotted leaf dragon tree.

Dracaena surculosa Lindl. var. surculosa

SYNONYM(S) : Dracaena godseffiana hort. ex Baker

CHINESE : Xing long xue shu.

ENGLISH : Gold dust draceana, Gold dust plant.

RUSSIAN : (Dratsena kustovidnaia (as D. godseffiana).

Dracaena terminalis auct. -> Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Chev.

Dracaena terniflora Roxb.

CHINESE : Ai long xue shu.

ENGLISH : Dwarf dracaena.

Dracaena thalioides Jacob-Makoy ex Regel -> Dracaena aubryana Brongn. ex E. Morren

Dracaena umbraculifera Jacq.

SYNONYM(S) : Draco umbraculifera Kuntze

ENGLISH : Umbrella dracena.

RUSSIAN : Dratsena umbrakulifera, Dratsena zontik.


General Bibliography


General & specific on-line


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < >.

IPNI, 2003, International Plant Name Index. Online Database. < >.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

USDA, ARS, 2002, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (20 May 2003).

Wang Zongxun et al. 1996, A New Latin, Chinese, English Botanical Nomenclature. Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Botany. Aviation Industry Publisher, Beijing.

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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Date created: 20 / 05 / 2003
Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 26 / 05 / 2003
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