Sorting Digitaria Names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :





Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf

ENGLISH : Abyssinian finger grass, African couch grass.

FRENCH : Digitaire d'Abyssinie.

Digitaria aequiglumis (Hack. & Arechav.) Parodi

SWEDISH : Argentinsk fingerhirs.

Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard

SYNONYM(S) : Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Henr., Panicum adscendens Kunth

CHINESE : Sheng ma tang.

Considered by many authors as a synonym of Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard var. fimbriata Henrard

JAPANESE : Kushige me hishiba.

Digitaria chinensis Hornem.

CHINESE : Hua ma tang.

ENGLISH : Chinese crabgrass.

Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

SYNONYM(S) : Panicum ciliare Retz., Syntherisma ciliaris (Retz.) Schrad., Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Henr., Digitaria henryi Rendle

CHINESE : Sheng ma tang (as D. adscendens), Heng li ma tang (as D. henryi).

ENGLISH : Crabgrass, Southern crabgrass, Summer grass, Tropical finger grass.

FINNISH : Riisiverihirssi.

FRENCH : Digitaire ciliée.

GERMAN : Wimperfingerhirse.

HINDI : Takri.

JAPANESE : Me hishiba.

MALAY : Rumput jejari berbulu ?

Digitaria decumbens Stent

SYNONYM(S) : Digitaria eriantha Steud., Digitaria pentzii Stent

ENGLISH : Digit grass, Pangola grass, Pangola digit grass, Slenderstem, Transvala digitgrass, Woolly finger grass.

GERMAN : Pangola-Gras.

SPANISH : Pasto pangola.

Digitaria diagonalis (Nees) Stapf

ENGLISH : Brown-seeded crabgrass, Brown-seeded finger grass.


Digitaria exilis (Kippist) Stapf

SYNONYM(S) : Paspalum exile Kippist, Syntherisma exilis (Kippist) Newbold

ENGLISH : White fonio, Fonio millet, Hungry-rice.

FRENCH : Fonio.

GERMAN : Acha, Fonio, Fundi, Fundungi, Hungerreis.

ITALIAN : Fonio.


SPANISH : Digitaria.

Digitaria filiformis (L.) Koeler

ENGLISH : Slender crabgrass (USA), American slender grass.

Digitaria fuscescens (J. Presl) Henrard

SYNONYM(S) : Paspalum fuscescens J. Presl

MALAY : Rumput jejari halus.

Digitaria henryi Rendle

SYNONYM(S) : Syntherisma henryi (Rendle) Newbold

CHINESE : Heng li ma tang.

ENGLISH : Henry's crabgrass.

JAPANESE : Henrii me hishiba.


Considered by many authors as a synonym of Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

Digitaria iburua Stapf

SYNONYM(S) : Syntherisma iburua (Stapf) Newbold

ENGLISH : Black acha, Black fonio.

FRENCH : Fonio noir, Manne noire.

GERMAN : Iburu.

Digitaria ischaemum (Schreb. ex Schweigg.) Muhl.

SYNONYM(S) : Panicum ischaemum Schreb., Digitaria filiformis auct., non Koel., Syntherisma ischaemum (Schreb.) Nash, Syntherisma linearis (Krock.) Nash Panicum lineare xxxx

CHINESE : Zhi xue ma tang.

DANISH : Liden fingeraks.

DUTCH : Glad vingergras.

ENGLISH : Smooth crabgrass, Smooth fingergrass.

ESTONIAN : Liiv-paelhirss.

FINNISH : Nauhaverihirssi.

FRENCH : Digitaire filiforme, Digitaire ischème (Switzerland).

GERMAN : Faden-Fingerhirse, Kahle Fingerhirse , Niederliegende Fingerhirse (Switzerland).

ITALIAN : Sanguinella sottile (Switzerland), Sanguinella glabra.

POLISH : Palusznik nitkowaty.

SPANISH : Garrachuelo pequeño.

SWEDISH : Fingerhirs.

Digitaria longiflora (Retz.) Pers.

SYNONYM(S) : Paspalum longiflorum Retz., Paspalum brevifolium Flüggé, Syntherisma longiflora (Retz.) Skeels

CHINESE : Chang hua ma tang.

ENGLISH : Wire crabgrass.

Digitaria pruriens (Fisch. ex Trin.) Büse

SYNONYM(S) : Panicum pruriens Fisch. ex Trin., Syntherisma pruriens (Fisch.) Arthur

JAPANESE : Hito taba me hishiba.

Digitaria radicosa (C. Presl) Miq.

SYNONYM(S) : Digitaria timorensis (Kunth) Balansa

CHINESE : Gen ma tang, Hong mao ling (as D. timorensis).

ENGLISH : Timorese crabgrass.

JAPANESE : Kome hishiba.

Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.

SYNONYM(S) : Digitaria ciliaris auct., Panicum sanguinale L., Syntherisma sanguinalis (L.) Dulac

CHINESE : Ma tang.

DANISH : Blodhirse.

DUTCH : Harig vingergras, Bloedgierst.

ENGLISH : Common crabgrass, Hairy fingergrass, Large crabgrass.

ESTONIAN : Verev paelhirss.

FINNISH : Verihirssi.

FRENCH : Digitaire sanguine, Panic sanguin, Millet sanguin.

GERMAN : Blut-Fingerhirse, Blutrot Fingerhirse, Blutfennich, Bluthirse

ITALIAN : Sanguinella comune, , Sanguinella, Sanguinaria.

MALAY : Rumput jejari berbulu.

POLISH : Palusznik krwawy.

PORTUGUESE : Milha digitada.

SPANISH : Garrachuelo, Pata de gallina, Pasto de cuaresma (Argentina).

SWEDISH : Blodhirs.

Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. subsp. pectiniformis Henrard

SWEDISH : Kamhirs.

Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. subsp. sanguinalis

SWEDISH : Äkta blodhirs.

Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. var. ciliaris (Retz.) Parl.

CHINESE : Mao ma tang.

ENGLISH : Hairy crabgrass.

Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. & Schult.

SYNONYM(S) : Digitaria corymbosa (Roxb.) Merr., Panicum corymbosum Roxb.

CHINESE : Gang mao ma tang.

ENGLISH : Bristly crabgrass.

JAPANESE : Inume hishiba.

Digitaria ternata (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Stapf

SYNONYM(S) : Cynodon ternatus Rich.

CHINESE : San shu ma tang.

ENGLISH : Black-seeded crabgrass.

Digitaria violascens Link

SYNONYM(S) : Digitaria chinensis (Nees) A. Camus, Paspalum chinensis Nees

CHINESE : Zi ma tang.

ENGLISH : Purple crabgrass.

JAPANESE : Akime hishiba.




General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


EURODICAUTOM, On-line Technical Dictionary in 12 languages provided by the European Commission < > (Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, Latin with authority names)

Hô Pham-hoang, 1993, An Illustrated Flora of Vietnam. Vol. III, Number 2. Montréal, Canada.

Lazarides M., Cowley K. & Hohnen P. 1997, CSIRO Handbook of Australian Weeds, Australian National Herbarium, Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, CSIRO, Canberra, Australia.

Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.

Takashi Enomoto, 2000, Wild Plants of Japan. Research Institute for Bio-Resources, Okayama University, Japan. < >

SPESIES RUMPAI YANG TERDAPAT DI MALAYSIA, 1996, Plants of Malaysia, Famili Gramineae. < >.

USDA, ARS, 2000, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (21 August 2000). (A number of languages, some romanised, Latin with authority names)

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.

Xie Zongwa & Yu Youqin (Editors), 1996, Materia Medica, Chinese Terminology, Vol. 1, Renminweisheng Publishing House Beijing, China. (Latin with authority names and Chinese-simplified, text in Chinese).


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.



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Date created: 10 / 01 / 1999
Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 12 / 10 / 2000
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