Sorting Foeniculum names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :


(Bed) (Braj) (CRDP) (FAO)  (FDAM) (Flcyb) (GCW) (GRIN) V (IPNI) (ISF) (ISTA) (JA) (JSent) (LibHerb) (Mansf) (MMPND) (Mrkv) (Nep) (Pan) (Prosea) (SavMark) (Smit)   (SwedMus) (USDA) (Wang) (W3Trop) (Yasu)

Foeniculum panmorium (Roxb.) DC.

SYNONYM(S) :  Anethum panmorium Roxb. ex Fleming

ENGLISH :  Indian fennel.

JAPANESE :   インド茴香   Indo uikyou.

SANSKRIT :  Madhurika,  Madhurika, Panmuhuri.

SWEDISH :  Indisk fänkål.

Considered by some authors as a separate var. of   Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare  others classify it as a synonym of  Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

SYNONYM(S) :  Anethum foeniculum L.,   Foeniculum commune Bubani, Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) H. Karst., Ligusticum foeniculum (L.) Crantz , Meum foeniculum (L.) Spreng.,  Selinum foeniculum (L.) E.H.L. Krause, Tenoria romana Schkuhr ex Schult.

ARABIC : Bisbas,  رازيانج   Razianaj.   

CHINESE :  茴香    Hui xiang,  小茴香  Xiao hui xiang.

CZECH : Fenykl.

DANISH :  Almindelig fennikel, Fennikel.

DUTCH :  Venkel.

ENGLISH :  Fennel.

FRENCH :  Fenouil.

GERMAN :  Fenchel.

HINDI :  Badi, Badishep, Bari saunf, Bari sanuf,   Sanuf,    सौंफ    Saunf, Sonp, Sont.

ITALIAN :  Finocchio commune, Finocchio selvatico.

JAPANESE :   フェンネル  Fenneru, ウ イキョウ  Uikyou,  茴香  Uikyou.

KANNADA :  Badi sopu, Badisepu, Sabbasige.

KOREAN :  회향 .

LAOTIAN :  Phak si.

NEPALESE :       Madesi sauf.

NORWEGIAN :  Fennikel.

PERSIAN :   رازیانه   Razianeh.

POLISH :  Fenkuł, Koper włoski.


RUSSIAN :   Фенхель лекарственный,   Фенцхель обыкновенный   (Fenchel' obyknovennyj)

SANSKRIT :   Madhurika, Shatapushpa.

SLOVENIAN :  Sladki komarček.

SPANISH :  Hinojo.

SWEDISH :  Fänkål.

TAMIL :  Perun siragum, Shombu, Sohikire.

TELUGU :  Peddajilakurra, Sopu.

THAI :  ผักชี  Phak chi, Phak chi duen ha, Phak chi lom,   เทียนแกลบ  Thian klaep,  เทียนข้าวเปลือก  ยี่หร่า   Yira (Central Thailand),  ยี่หร่าหวาน.

Interesting photograph comparing seeds of various closely related Umbelliferae.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. piperitum (Ucria) Cout.

SYNONYM(S) :  Anethum piperitum Ucria (Mansf), Foeniculum capillaceum Gilib. subsp. piperitum (Ucria) Rouy & Camus,  Foeniculum officinale All. var. piperitum (Ucria) Alef., Foeniculum piperitum (Ucria) Presl.

ENGLISH :  Bitter fennel, Bulgarian fennel, Crete fennel, Italian fennel, Pepper fennel.

GERMAN :  Eselsfenchel, Pfefferfenchel, Wilde Fenchel, Wilder Fenchel.

ITALIAN :  Finocchio arancino, Finocchio d'asino, Finocchio selvatico.

JAPANESE :  フェンネルビター   Fenneru bitaa ,     辛茴香  Shin uikyou.

SWEDISH :  Asnefänkål,  Pepparfänkål,  Siciliansk fänkål.

TURKISH :   Yabani rezene.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. vulgare

SYNONYM(S) :   Foeniculum capillaceum Gilib.,   Foeniculum officinale All.

FRENCH :  Fenouil amer, Fenouil commun, Fenouil des jardins, Fenouil des vignes.

GERMAN :  Gartenfenchel.

ITALIAN :  Finocchio selvatico.

JAPANESE :   フェンネル  Fenneru, ウ イキョウ  Uikyou.

A number of names are probably interchangeable between this subsp. and the variety var. vulgare. Indeed perhaps that the two should be synonyms.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. vulgare var. azoricum (Mill.) Thell.

SYNONYM(S) :  Anethum dulce DC.,  Anethum foeniculum L. var. azoricum Schkuhr,  Foeniculum azoricum Mill., Foeniculum dulce DC.,  Foeniculum officinale All. var. dulce Alef., Foeniculum vulgare Mill. convar. azoricum (Mill.) J.Holub

DANISH :  Knoldfennikel.

ENGLISH :  Florence fennel.

FINNISH :  Salaattifenkoli, Salaattivenkoli.

FRENCH :   Aneth doux, Anis doux, Anis de France, Anis de Paris, Fenouil à pomme, Fenouil bulbeux, Fenouil doux, Fenouil de Florence, Fenouil des jardins, Fenouil de Malte, Fenouil des vignes, Fenouil de Provence.

GERMAN :   Bologneser Fenchel, Gemüsefenchel , Italienischer Fenchel, Knollenfenchel, Zwiebelfenchel.

ITALIAN :  Finocchini, Finocchio di Bologna.

JAPANESE :  イタリアウイキョウ  Itaria uikyou,  イタリーウイキョウ  Itarii uikyou

SWEDISH :  Florentinsk fänkål, Fransk fänkål, Romersk fänkål,  Sötfänkål, Söt fänkål, Söt fenkål.

A number of names are probably interchangeable between this var. and var. dulce below.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. vulgare var. dulce (Mill.) Batt.

SYNONYM(S) :  Anethum foeniculum L. var. dulce Schkuhr, Anethum foeniculum romanum Hoffm.,  Foeniculum dulce Mill.,   Foeniculum sativum Bertol.,  Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. dulce (Mill.) Battand. & Trabut, Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. sativum Presl

CHINESE :   甜小茴香  Tian xiao hui xiang,    球茎茴香   Qiu jing hui xiang.

DANISH :  Sød fennikel.

ENGLISH :  Roman fennel, Sweet fennel.

FINNISH :  Maustevenkoli.

FRENCH :    Fenouil de Florence, Fenouil doux, Fenouil romain.

GERMAN :  Französischer Fenchel, Gewürzfenchel, Heller Fenchel, Kretischer-Fenchel, Mazedonischer Anis, Römischer-Fenchel,  Süßer Fenchel, Süßfenchel.

ITALIAN :  Finocchio dolce, Finocchione.

JAPANESE :  アマウイキョウ   Ama uikyou,    フェ ンネルスィート   Fenneru suiito,   スィートフェンネル   Suiito fenneru甘茴香  Ama uikyou.

SWEDISH :  Besk fänkål,  Bitter fänkål,  Fänkål, Fenkål,  Kryddfänkål,  Tysk fänkål, Vanlig fänkål.

THAI :  เทียนข้าวเปลือก    Thian khao pluak.

A number of names are probably interchangeable between this var. and var. azoricum above.

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. vulgare var. vulgare

SYNONYM(S) :  Anethum foeniculum L., Anethum foeniculum L. var. vulgare Schkuhr,  Foeniculum dulce Mill. , Foeniculum officinale All. var. silvestre Alef.,  Foeniculum vulgare subsp. silvestre (Brot.) Janchen, Foeniculum vulgare var. silvestre Presl,  Foeniculum vulgare var. vulgare

ENGLISH :  Bitter fennel, Common fennel.

FRENCH :   Fenouil amer.

GERMAN :  Bitterfenchel,  Bitterer Fenchel, Dunkler Fenchel,  Wilder Fenchel.

ITALIAN :  Finocchio comune, Finocchio forte, Finocchio selvatico.


Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Foeniculum Names. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database - A Work in Progress. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. The University of Melbourne. Australia. < > (2007).

General Bibliography




Specific & complementary


ALNAAS, 2003, Old Medicine Index.  < > (Arabic).

Katzer Gernot, 1995 - 2004,  Gernot Katzer's Spice Pages. Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare Mill..  Other common names, photos and etymological notes. Chemical and culinary information about the plant.< >.

Shenet , 1997 - 2004,  Fänkål. < >. (Swedish).

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (11 November 2004). (GRIN)


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


As it is often the case with commonly cultivated crops, common names are "all over the place". It is partly explained by the fact that practically all catalogues and gardening magazines never mention the complicated botanical names that taxonomists use but simply confine themselves to the basic binomial Foeniculum vulgare which is only the basic specific name. Occasionnally the word "dulce" is mentioned. This does not help much however considering that taxonomists of the past did not agree on that name. For example Foeniculum dulce DC. is considered as a synonym of  var. azoricum (Mill.) Thell.  whilst Foeniculum dulce Mill. is considered as var. dulce (Mill.) Batt.  Feedback on these problems is much welcome (


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Date created: 10 / 11 / 2004
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Last modified: 28 / 03 / 2007
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