Sorting Pyrus names

Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :





Pyrus communis L.

SYNONYM(S) : Pyrus asiae-mediae Popov, Pyrus balansae Decne., Pyrus bourgaeana Decne., Pyrus domestica Medik., Pyrus elata Rubtzov, Pyrus medvedevii Rubtzov

CHINESE :    西洋梨   Xi yang li.

DANISH : Almindelig pære, Pære.

DUTCH :  Peer.

ENGLISH : Pear, Pear tree.

FINNISH : Päärynäpuu .

FRENCH : Poire, Poirier.

GERMAN : Birnbaum, Birne, Birnenbaum.

ITALIAN : Pero comune.

JAPANESE :   セイヨウナシ   Seiyou nashi,  西洋梨   Seiyou nashi.

NORWEGIAN : Pære, Pæretre.

POLISH : Grusza domowa.


RUSSIAN :   Груша десертная ,   Груша обыкновенная, Груша венера .

SLOVENIAN :   Navadna hruška.

SPANISH : Pera, Peral.

SWEDISH : Päron.

THAI : Sali thuean.



Pyrus communis L. subsp. caucasica (Fed.) Browicz

SYNONYM(S) : Pyrus caucasica Fed.

RUSSIAN :    Груша кавказская.



Pyrus communis L. var. pyraster L.

SYNONYM(S) :  Pyrus achras Gaertn., Pyrus communis auct. non L., Pyrus communis L. subsp. achras (Wallr.) Asch. et Graebn. , Pyrus communis L. subsp. pyraster (L.) Asch. et Graebn., Pyrus communisachras Wallr., Pyrus communis L. var. pyraster L., Pyrus pyraster Burgsd. ,  Pyrus pyraster Burgsd. subsp. achras (Gaertn.) Stohr, Pyrus pyraster Burgsd. subsp. pyraster

DANISH : Vild pære.

ENGLISH :   Common plar tree, Wild pear.

FRENCH : Poire sauvage, Poirier sauvage.

GERMAN :   Holzbirne, Wild-Birne, Wilder-Birnbaum.

 ITALIAN :  Perastro.


Pyrus nivalis Jacq.

SYNONYM(S) :    Pyrus nivalis Jacq. var. orientalis Terpó, Pyrus salviifolia DC.

ENGLISH :  Snow pear.

GERMAN :  Schnee-Birnbaum.

JAPANESE :  ユキナシ    Yuki nashi.

Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don

SYNONYM(S) : Pyrus kumaoni Decne., Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don var. kumaoni (Decne.) Stapf, Pyrus variolosa Wall. ex G. Don, Pyrus verruculosa Bertol., Pyrus wilhelmii C. K. Schneid.

CHINESE :   川梨   Chuan li.

JAPANESE :  ピルスパシア   Perasu pashia.

RUSSIAN :   Дикая груша,  Груша дикая.


Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai

SYNONYM(S) : Ficus pyrifolia Burm. f., Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai f. stapfiana (Rehder) Rehder, Pyrus serotina Rehder, Pyrus serotina Rehder var. stapfiana Rehder

CHINESE :   沙梨   Sha li.

JAPANESE :   ナシ   Nashi,   ニホンナシ    Nihon nashi,  ピルスセロティナ   Perusu serotina.

THAI :  Sa li.



Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai var. culta (Makino) Nakai

CHINESE :  Awaiting feedback.

DANISH : Japanpære, Japansk pære, Kinesisk pære, Sandpære.

DUTCH :  Japanse peer.

ENGLISH : Asian pear, Chinese pear, Japanese pear, Nashi, Oriental pear, Sand pear.   

FRENCH : Poire nashi, Poirier des sables, Poirier japonais.   

GERMAN : Sandbirnbaum   

JAPANESE :   ナシ   Nashi,  ヤマナシ  Yama nashi,  山梨     Yama nashi.




Pyrus pyrifolia (Burm. f.) Nakai var. pyrifolia


 As it is often the case, rightly or wrongly,  many of the names applied to the basic species will fit this variety.

Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim.

SYNONYM(S) : Pyrus lindleyi Rehder, Pyrus ovoidea Rehder, Pyrus simonii Carrière, Pyrus sinensis Lindl., Pyrus ussuriensis Maxim. var. ovoidea (Rehder) Rehder

CHINESE :   秋子梨   Qiu zi li.

DANISH : Kinesisk pære, Sandpære.

ENGLISH : Chinese pear, Harbin pear, Sand pear, Snow pear, Ussurian pear.

GERMAN : Ussuri-Birne.

JAPANESE :   チュウゴクナシ   Chuugoku nashi,  イワテヤマナシ  Iwate yama nashi,  ホクシヤマナシ Hokushi yama nashi,  ミチノクナシ  Michinoku nashi.

RUSSIAN :   Груша уссурийская.

THAI : Sali chin.




A good example of name confusion, in this case as a consequence of careless import, is told by Jill Kellow from Burnley College, Australia, in her article "The Manchurian Mystery, The Story of two Leaves".


Re : Pyrus japonica Thunb. & Pyrus maulei Mast.

GRIN lists both as synonyms of Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach but Wang Zongxun et al. distinguish between the "Dwarf Japanese flowering-quince" ( Chaenomeles japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach) and the " Japanese flowering-quince" ( Chaenomeles lagenaria (Loisel.) Koidz.). GRIN also lists Chaenomeles lagenaria but remains vague about the authority name "auct.", so these 2 references are not in contradiction, but matching the Pyrus names precisely as synonyms is difficult.

General Bibliography


Complementary / Specific


Mabberley D.J. 1997, The Plant-Book : a Portable Dictionary of the Vascular Plants, 2d Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K.  2005,  Fruit Index, Russian - Latin.  < >.

USDA, ARS, 2005, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (05 January 2005).

Wiersema J. H. & León B. 1999, World Economic Plants : a Standard Reference. CRC Press LLC.



Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : in progress.


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Date created: 14 / 03 / 2000
Authorised by Prof. Glyn Rimmington
Last modified: 11 / 02 / 2005
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