Sorting Gnetum names

Species on this page (
A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) :



Gnetum africanum Welw. (Wang) (Earl)

CHINESE :     Gang guo mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : African gnetum.

FRENCH : Gnetum d'Afrique, Gnetum d'Afrique à feuilles comestibles.

AFRICAN LANGUAGES : Afang (Ibibio- Nigeria), Eru (Cameroon), Fumbwa (Kikongo - Congo), M'Fumbua (Angola), Fumbua   (Angola), Koko (Angola,  Gabon), Mfumbwa (Kikongo - Congo), Nkumu (Nfang -Libreville - Gabon), Okok (Fang - Cameroon), Ukasi (Igbo -Nigeria).

Gnetum arboreum Foxworthy

FRENCH : Gnetum de Luzon, Gnetum des Philippines.


Gnetum buchholzianum Engl. (Earl) (Wang)

CHINESE :     Ka mai long mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : African gnetum.

FRENCH : Gnetum du Cameroon, Gnetum d'Afrique à feuilles comestibles.

AFRICAN LANGUAGES : Afang (Ibibio - Nigeria), Eru (Cameroon), Koko (Angola, CAR, Gabon), Nkumu (Nfang - Libreville - Gabon), Okok (Fang - Cameroon), Ukasi (Igbo - Nigeria).

 Gnetum catasphaericum H. Shao

CHINESE :  球子买麻藤   Qiu zi mai ma ten.

Gnetum cuspidatum Blume (Earl) (Wang) (Smit)

CHINESE :   Ji jian mai ma teng.

THAI :  เมื่อย Mueai, เมื่อยดำ  Mueai dam.

Gnetum diminutum Markgr. (Wang)

CHINESE :   Jia li man dan mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Kalimantan jointfir.

Gnetum giganteum H. Shao

CHINESE :  巨子买麻藤    Ju zi mai ma teng.

RUSSIAN :  Гнетум гигантский.

Gnetum gnemon L. (Mansf) (Wang)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum acutum Miq. (Mansf), Gnetum vinosum Elm. (Mansf)

ASSAMESE : Ganemoe (Mansf), Genemo (Mansf).

BURMESE :  Hyinbyin, Tanyin-ywe.

CHINESE :  灌状买 麻藤  Guan zhuang mai ma teng,    Xian zhou mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Gnemon tree, Joint-fir spinach, Melinjo nut, Tulip (PNG.), Spanish joint-fir (USA).

FRENCH : Feuilles de gnetum, Gnetum à feuilles comestibles.

KHMER : Voë khlaèt (Mansf).

MALAY : Bago (Java) (Mansf), Belinjau (Mansf), Belinjo (Indonesia), Daun melinjo (edible leaves), Emping melinjo* (Indonesia), Melinjo (Indonesia) (Mansf), Meninjau.

RUSSIAN :  Гнетум гнемон.

TAGALOG : Bago (FAO) .

THAI :  ปี แซ   Peesae.

VIETNAMESE : Bét (Mansf), Gâm cây (Mansf).


* The Indonesian word "emping" means "chip" or "cracker". Sometimes foreigners apply the names "Melinjo" (correct name for this species) and "Emping melinjo" to the "plant" as well as to a derived product (chips) made from the fruit of melinjo.


Gnetum gnemon L. var. gnemon (Mansf) (Smit)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum gnemon L. var. domesticum Markgraf (Mansf)

ENGLISH : Gnetum leaves, Gnetum seeds, Gnetum fruit.

THAI : Miang.

Gnetum gnemon L. var. ovalifolium (Poir.) Blume (Mansf)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum gnemon Parl. (Mansf), Gnetum ovalifolium Poir. (Mansf), Gnetum silvestris Brogn. (Mansf)


Gnetum gnemon L. var. tenerum Markgr.
THAI :  ผักกะเหรี่ยง.

Gnetum gnemonoides Brongniart  (Earl) (Wang)

CHINESE :    Ma lai xi ya mai ma teng.
RUSSIAN :  Гнетум гнемоновидный.

Gnetum gracilipes C. Y. Cheng

CHINESE :  细柄买麻藤   Xi bing mai ma teng .


Gnetum hainanense Cheng (Earl) (Wang)

CHINESE :  海南买麻藤  Hai nan mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Hainan gnetum.

FRENCH : Gnetum de Chine.

Gnetum indicum (Lour.) Merr.
RUSSIAN :  Гнетум индийский.

Gnetum latifolium Blume (Wang) (Earl)

CHINESE :     Kuan ye mai ma teng.

Gnetum latifolium Blume var. funiculare (Blume) Markgr. (Smit) (GRIN) (W3Trop)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum edule (Willd.) Blume (W3Trop), Gnetum funiculare Blume (GRIN)

THAI :  มะม่วย Ma muai,  มะหน่วย  Ma nuai, ม่วยขาว.

Gnetum leptostachyum Blume (Earl) (Wang) (Smit)

CHINESE :   Xi sui mai ma teng.

THAI : Mueai lueai.

Gnetum leyboldii Tulasne (BDG) (Wang)

SYNONYM(S) :  Gnetum paraense Huber (BDG)

CHINESE : Ya ma xun mai ma teng.

PORTUGUESE : Ituá (Brazil).

SPANISH : Liana del Amazonas.

Gnetum luofuense C. Y. Cheng 

CHINESE :  罗浮买麻藤   Luo fu mai ma teng,  羅浮買麻藤  Luo fu mai ma teng (Hong Kong).

Gnetum macrostachyum Hook f. (Earl) (Wang) (Smit)

CHINESE : Da sui mai ma teng.

THAI :   ม่วย Muai เมื่อย Mueai, เมื่อยดูก  Mueai duk เมื่อยเลือด  Mueai lueat.

Gnetum microcarpum Blume (Smit) (Wang)

CHINESE : Xiao zi mai ma teng.

THAI :  เมื่อย   Mueai nok.

Gnetum montanum Markgr. (Smit) (Wang)

CHINESE :  买麻藤 Mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Common jointfir.

RUSSIAN :  Гнетум горный.

THAI :    มะม่วย  Ma muai (Chiang Mai),  มะเมื่อย   Ma mueai (Chiang Mai),  ม่วย  Muai, เมื่อย   Mueai.

Gnetum montanum Markgr. f. megalocarpum Markgr.

CHINESE :  大子买麻藤   Da zi mai ma teng.

Gnetum neglectum Blume

FRENCH : Gnetum de Borneo de l 'Est.

Gnetum nodiflorum Brongn. (Earl) (BDG) (Wang)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum amazonicum Tulasne (BDG), Gnetum cruzianum Gleason (BDG), Gnetum oblongifolium Huber (BDG)

CHINESE : Ba xi mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Amazonian jointfir, Brazil jointfir.

PORTUGUESE : Ituá (Brazil).

SPANISH : Liana del Amazonas.

Gnetum oblongum Markgr. (Wang)

CHINESE : Ju yuan ye mai ma teng.

Gnetum oxycarpum Ridley

FRENCH : Gnetum des iles Mentawi, Gnetum de Sumatra.

Gnetum paniculatum Spruce ex Bentham (BDG) (Wang)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum microstachyum Bentham ex Tulasne (BDG)

CHINESE : Ge lun bi ya mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Brazil jointfir, Colombian jointfir.

FRENCH : Gnetum de Colombie.

PORTUGUESE : Ituá (Brazil).

SPANISH : Liana del Amazonas.

Gnetum parvifolium (Warb.) W. C. Cheng   (Wang)
SYNONYM(S) :  Gnetum indicum (Lour.) Merr.  f. parvifolium (Warb.) Masamune,  Gnetum montanum Markgraf  f. parvifolium (Warb.) Markgraf., Gnetum parvifolium (Warb.) C. Y. Cheng ex Chun, Gnetum scandens Roxb. var. parvifolium Warburg.,
CHINESE :   小叶买麻藤   Xiao ye mai ma teng,  小 葉買麻藤  Xiao ye mai ma teng (Hong Kong).
ENGLISH : Small-leaved jointfir.

Gnetum pendulum C. Y. Cheng (Wang) SYNONYM(S) :  Gnetum montanum Markgraf  f. megalocarpum Markgraf;  Gnetum pendulum f. subsessile C. Y. Cheng.
垂 子买麻藤   Chui zi mai ma teng.

Gnetum schwackeanum Taub. ex Markgr. (BDG)

ENGLISH : Amazonian jointfir, Venezuelan jointfir.

PORTUGUESE : Ituá (Brazil).

SPANISH : Liana del Amazonas.

Gnetum ridleyi Gamble (Earl)

FRENCH : Gnetum de Pahang, Gnetum de Malaisie.

Gnetum tenuifolium Ridley (Earl) (Wang) (Smit)

CHINESE :    Bao ye mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Thin-leaved jointfir.

THAI :   เมื่อย   Mueai nok.

Gnetum ula Brongn. (Earl) (Wang)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum edule (Willd.) Blume, Thoa edulis Willd. (W3Trop)

CHINESE :     Yin du mai ma teng.

ENGLISH : Gnemon tree (India), India jointfir.

HINDI : Awaiting feedback.

MARATHI : Kumbal (Goa).

Gnetum urens (Aubl.) Blume (BDG)

SYNONYM(S) : Gnetum leyboldii Tulasne var. woodsonianum Markgr. (Earl) (BDG) (W3Trop) , Gnetum melinonii Benoist (BDG), Gnetum thoa Brongn. (BDG), Thoa urens Aubl. (BDG)

FRENCH : Thoa piquant (French Guiana).

Gnetum venosum Spruce ex Bentham (W3Trop) (Wang)

CHINESE :   Da zi mai ma teng.

PORTUGUESE : Ituá (Brazil).

Gnetum vinosum Elmer (W3Trop) -> Gnetum gnemon L. var. gnemon (W3Trop)

General Bibliography
Specific & complementary for this updated version

Specific & complementary for original file

Earle Christopher J., 2002, Gnetum Linnaeus. < >. Page part of The Gymnosperm Database. University of Bonn. URL : < >. Edited by Christopher J. Earle (Last modified on 4-Jan-2002). (Earl)

Kebi Online, 2004, The Indonesian Electronic Dictionary. Language Technology and Applied Information Group, Directorate for Information Technology and Electronics Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPP Teknologi) Jakarta. Indonesia. < >.

S.M.N.M.H. 2003. Biological Diversity of the Guianas - Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana. Web Listing of Plants of the Guianas : Gymnosperms. Gnetophyta, Gnetaceae. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History ( S.M.N.M.H.). < >.

South Pacifique Commission, 1983 - 1995, Commission du Pacifique Sud - Services de Santé Publique - Aliments du Pacifique Sud. Nouméa. Version Numérique de la F.A.O. Fiche N° 6 - Edition revue, 1995 - Les plantes à feuilles vertes. < >.

USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). [Online Database] National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Available: (05 August 2004). (GRIN)

Woot-Tsuen Wu Leung et al, 1968, FOOD COMPOSITION TABLE FOR USE IN AFRICA . Research Project Sponsored Jointly by U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Health Services and Mental Health Administration, National Center for Chronic Disease Control, Nutrition Program, Bethesda-Maryland-USA & Food Consumption and Planning Branch, Nutrition Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, Italy. APPENDIX 4 - INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES OF EDIBLE PLANTS < >. (FAO)


Contributors to this page (Personal communication) : In progress.


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