Working out - THAI - Bamboo names


The problem with Thai names is that one either comes across Thai without romanisation or romanised names without Thai scripts. As long as these names are accompanied with botanical names, we can use them. All others have to be disregarded. The notes below relate to the process of working out either the original script from a usually very bad romanisation or getting the correct romanisation on the Thai. The combinations that we hope have been sorted can be found either in the main Thai index or the index of Bamboo names. The romanised names in the main Thai index are based on the Royal Thai Institute Standard. We are very grateful to Asger Mollerup for his contribution on this important aspect of the process and for his overall supervision of the index. It should be noted that all transcribers, including Asger, think that any chosen system of transcription has its deficiencies. This is why we have kept all encountered forms of transcribed words in the records of names while limiting ourselves to one system in the index.



The following remain to be sorted. Many romanised names may be wrongly spelt. The correct ones need to be transcribed into Thai. Help is required in working out the correct Thai and corresponding botanical names.


Bong (Shan) -> Bambusa tulda Roxb. Burmese only ?

Cha kat wa -> Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd. Burmese only ?

Gya wa -> Neohouzeaua dullooa (Gamble) A. Camus Burmese only ?

Gya wa -> Bambusa pallida Munro Burmese only ?

Kale o (Karen) -> Melocalamus compactiflorus (Kurz) Benth.

Kasian -> Schizostachyum aciculare Gamble probably a dialect ?

Katau (Kachin) -> Pseudostachyum polymorphum Munro

Khakchat dun -> Melocanna baccifera (Roxb.) Kurz probably a dialect ?

Lawk -> Schizostachyum aciculare Gamble

Mai bong nan -> is this Mai bong naam ?

Mai he -> Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble

Mai hiar -> Cephalostachyum virgatum (Munro) Kurz Burmese for Mai hia ?

Mai hok dam -> Dendrocalamus longispathus (Kurz) Kurz

Mai hop -> Bambusa polymorpha Munro

Mai lai law (Shan) -> Dendrocalamus membranaceus Munro

Mai liang -> Bambusa multiplex nana ? 'Floribunda' ?

Mai luang -> Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. C. Wendl. is this Mai leuang ?

Mai pang -> Cephalostachyum pergracile Munro

Mai pang puk (Shan) -> Phyllostachys mannii Gamble

Mai pao (Shan) -> Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble

Mai phai liang -> Bambusa multiplex ????? odd !

Mai phiu -> Bambusa pallida Munro

Mai sa lawn (Shan) -> Bambusa polymorpha Munro

Mai sa lawn (Shan) -> Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble

Mai sang (Shan) -> Dendrocalamus membranaceus Munro

Mai tiyo (Shan) -> Thyrsostachys siamensis Gamble

Mai tong (Kachin) -> Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble

Mep we (Karen) -> Phyllostachys mannii Gamble

Na chin wa -> Melocalamus compactiflorus (Kurz) Benth. Burmese only ?

Nga chat wa -> Bambusa binghamii Gamble Burmese only ?

Phai damphra -> Gigantochloa ligulata Gamble

Phai hang chang -> Bambusa tulda Roxb.

Phai hom -> Bambusa polymorpha Munro

Phai lam ma lok -> Dendrocalamus longispathus (Kurz) Kurz

Pai lam ma-lork -> Bambusa longispiculata Gamble ex Brandis

Pai leuang -> Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. C. Wendl.

Phai liang (Pai liang) -> Bambusa multiplex (Lour.) Raeusch. var. nana (Roxb.) Keng f. 'Floribunda' ?

Pai luang -> Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. C. Wendl. is this Phai leuang ?

Phai ma rieng -> Schizostachyum grande Ridley

Phai miang fai -> Schizostachyum zollingeri Steudel

Phai nae -> Gigantochloa ligulata Gamble

Phai nam -> Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd.

Pai namm -> Bambusa arundinacea (Retz.) Willd.

Pai nga chang -> Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J. C. Wendl.

Pai nual yai -> Dendrocalamus hamiltonii Nees et Arn. ex Munro ?

Pai or-lor -> Melocanna arundina C. E. Parkinson (OHRN) Bot. name OK Thai not so sure

Pai paak man, Pai paak -> Gigantochloa hasskarliana (Kurz) Backer ex K. Heyne

Pai phaak -> Gigantochloa hasskarliana (Kurz) Backer ex K. Heyne

Phai por -> Schizostachyum brachycladum (Munro) Kurz

Pai rai lor -> Gigantochloa hasskarliana (Kurz) Backer ex K. Heyne

Phai ruak lek -> Pseudoxytenanthera albociliata (Munro) Nguyen

Pai ruak yai -> Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble ( oliverii ?)

Phai sang kham -> Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro is this also "Phai zang kum" & "Phai saang kum" ?

Phai sang yen -> Dendrocalamus brandisii (Munro) Kurz

Phai si suk -> does this name really apply to Bambusa vulgaris ?

Phai song kham -> Bambusa pallida Munro

Phai tia -> Schizostachyum brachycladum (Munro) Kurz

Sedan (Shan) -> Phyllostachys mannii Gamble

Tapat wa (Karen) -> Neohouzeaua stricta R. N. Parker

Thaw wkhwe (Karen) -> Neohouzeaua helferi (Munro) Gamble

Thaw hkai (Karen) -> Neohouzeaua helferi (Munro) Gamble

Thishe -> Bambusa affinis Munro

Ura (Kachin) -> Dendrocalamus calostachyus (Kurz) Kurz

Ura (Kachin) -> Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro

Ura (Kachin) -> -> Thyrsostachys oliveri Gamble

Usawi -> Melocalamus compactiflorus (Kurz) Benth.

Wa ba -> Cephalostachyum virgatum (Munro) Kurz

Wa bue (Karen) -> Bambusa affinis Munro

Wa byauk -> Neohouzeaua dullooa (Gamble) A. Camus

Wa do -> Gigantochloa apus (Schult. & Schult. f.) Kurz

Wa gya -> Bambusa copelandii Gamble ex Brandis

Wa keur (Karen) -> Bambusa burmanica Gamble

Waa klu (Karen) -> Dendrocalamus hamiltonii Nees et Arn. ex Munro

Wa klu (Karen) -> Bambusa tulda Roxb.

Wa khlu (Karen) -> Dendrocalamus brandisii (Munro) Kurz

Wa khu (Karen) -> Bambusa tulda Roxb.

Wa me -> Bambusa marginata Munro

Wa min -> Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C. Wendl. 'Wamin'

Wa min (Karen) -> Bambusa villosula Kurz

Wa mu (Karen) -> Dendrocalamus membranaceus Munro

Wa myin -> Dendrocalamus longifimbriatus Gamble

Wa myin -> Bambusa griffithiana Munro

Wa ni -> Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro

Wa nwe -> Neohouzeaua helferi (Munro) Gamble

Wa nwe -> Melocalamus compactiflorus (Kurz) Benth.

Wa nwe kok -> Melocalamus compactiflorus (Kurz) Benth.

Wa pado -> Gigantochloa apus (Schult. & Schult. f.) Kurz

Wa phlong -> Cephalostachyum pergracile Munro

Wa pyaw -> Dendrocalamus longifimbriatus Gamble

Wa pyu -> Dendrocalamus brandisii (Munro) Kurz

Wa pyu -> Dendrocalamus membranaceus Munro

Wa pyu kale -> Pseudoxytenanthera albociliata (Munro) Nguyen

Wa pyu san -> Bambusa oliveriana Gamble

Wa ra (Kachin) -> Dendrocalamus calostachyus (Kurz) Kurz

Wa ra (Kachin) -> Dendrocalamus latiflorus Munro

Wa ra (Kachin) -> Bambusa griffithiana Munro

Wa se -> Neohouzeaua helferi (Munro) Gamble

Wa su (Karen) -> Bambusa tulda Roxb.

Wa thabut -> Neohouzeaua helferi (Munro) Gamble

Wa thabut -> Bambusa marginata Munro

Wa ther -> Bambusa burmanica Gamble

Wa tho -> Gigantochloa apus (Schult. & Schult. f.) Kurz

Wa ya -> Dendrocalamus longispathus (Kurz) Kurz

Wa zun -> Neohouzeaua dullooa (Gamble) A. Camus



The above list includes words in 2 of the main languages spoken in Burma / Myanmar, Karen and Shan, and a "dialect" from the State of Kachin, north of Burma. Some can be transcribed into Thai, some may not. Please let us know.





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Date created: 20 / 07 / 2002
Authorised by Prof. Snow Barlow
Last modified: 24 / 01 / 2003
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Maintained by: Michel H. Porcher